Jose Montoya

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Source: Stanford HealthCare

Jose Gilberto Montoya is an infectious disease doctor. Until May 30, 2019,[1] he was Professor of Medicine (Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine) at Stanford University Medical Center and head of the Stanford ME/CFS Initiative. His special areas of clinical focus include: chronic fatigue syndrome, infectious disease, Toxoplasmosis, infection in the setting of solid organ transplantation, and infection as a trigger of chronic diseases.[2] Considered one of the foremost experts of ME/CFS, Dr. Montoya has served on numerous government and institutional committees on ME/CFS. He is also an ME/CFS researcher and frequent conference speaker.

Education[edit | edit source]

  • 1985, Medical Education: Universidad Del Valle, Colombia[2]
  • 1988, Internship: Tulane University School of Medicine, Louisiana, US[2]
  • 1990, Residency: Tulane University School of Medicine, Louisiana, US[2]
  • 1994, Fellowship: Stanford University School of Medicine, California, US[2]

Stanford ME/CFS Initiative[edit | edit source]

Dr. Montoya and his team at the Stanford ME/CFS Initiative had short-term goals of patient care; research and discovery; and education. They also had a long-term goal of establishing an inpatient center, apart from a hospital where patients with chronic conditions could receive long-term treatment.

On May 30, 2019, Stanford University terminated Dr. Montoya from his university positions, after it received "complaints relating to his conduct" and conducted "an investigation led by an outside attorney and Stanford faculty member that found multiple violations of the University’s conduct policies."[1] The university campus newspaper, The Stanford Daily, reported that allegations of sexual harassment, misconduct and assault, brought forward in March by women who had worked for Dr. Montoya, prompted the investigation.[3][4]

Dr. Montoya responded to the allegations with a statement from his lawyer, saying, “I sincerely apologize to anyone who, in any way, I offended. What has unfolded since March has been a huge surprise[...] It was even more shattering to learn [...] it was members of my Stanford ME/CFS team who experienced some of my behaviors as attempts at unsolicited sexual acts, harassment, and misconduct. It is extremely important that you know I have not been involved in any sexual or romantic relationships with employees, trainees, colleagues, or CFS team members”.[1]

Committees/Working Groups[edit | edit source]

IOM Committee on Diagnostic Criteria for ME/CFS[edit | edit source]

Dr Montoya was a reviewer for the 2015 report produced by the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Diagnostic Criteria for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.[5]

ME/CFS Collaborative Research Center at Stanford University[edit | edit source]

Dr. Montoya was a member of the Working Group which offered their expertise and resources to the ME/CFS Collaborative Research Center at Stanford University.[6]

ME/CFS Common Data Elements (CDE) Project[edit | edit source]

Dr. Montoya was co-chair with Dr. Anthony Komaroff for the Baseline/Covariate Working Group and co-chair with Kimberly Sullivan, PhD of the Neurologic/Cognitive/CNS Imaging Working Group for the Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Common Data Elements (CDE) Project sponsored by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention.[7]

Awards[edit | edit source]

  • 1988, Outstanding Intern Award, Department of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine[2]
  • 1990, The Owl Club Award for Outstanding Clinical Teaching, Tulane University School of Medicine[2]
  • 1990, The Department of Medicine Outstanding Teaching Award, Tulane University School of Medicine[2]
  • 1990, Outstanding Senior Resident Awar, Department of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine[2]
  • 1995, The Franklin G. Ebaugh, Jr. Award for Advising Medical Students, Stanford University School of Medicine[2]
  • 1995, The Henry J. Kaiser Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching, Stanford University School of Medicine[2]
  • 1997, The Arthur L. Bloomfield Award for Excellence in the Teaching of Clinical Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine[2]
  • 1998, The David A. Rytand Teaching Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine[2]
  • 2000, The Kenneth Vosti Teaching Award for Excellence in Teaching, Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine[2]
  • 2001, The David A. Rytand Teaching Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching., Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine[2]
  • 2002, The Kenneth Vosti Teaching Award for Excellence in Teaching, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine[2]
  • 2003, Chief Residents Teaching Award for exemplary teaching at Stanford Resident's report, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine[2]
  • 2011, The Arthur L. Bloomfield Award for Excellence in the Teaching of Clinical Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine[2]
  • 2011, Fellow of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (FIDSA), Infectious Diseases Society of America[2]
  • 2011, Fellow of the American College of Physicians (FACP), American College of Physicians[2]
  • 2013, Selected as one of the 100 Colombians who have excelled abroad, 2013 Edition., 100 Colombianos en el exterior[2]

Notable Studies[edit | edit source]

  • 2006, Use of valganciclovir in patients with elevated antibody titers against Human Herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) who were experiencing central nervous system dysfunction including long-standing fatigue[8] - (Abstract)
  • 2012, Response to valganciclovir in chronic fatigue syndrome patients with human herpesvirus 6 and Epstein-Barr virus IgG antibody titers[9]
  • 2012, A Multicenter Blinded Analysis Indicates No Association between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and either Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus-Related Virus or Polytropic Murine Leukemia Virus[10] - (Full Text)
  • 2013, Daily cytokine fluctuations, driven by leptin, are associated with fatigue severity in chronic fatigue syndrome: evidence of inflammatory pathology[11]
  • 2013, Randomized Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Valganciclovir in a Subset of Patients With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome[12]
  • Mar 2014, Cortical hypoactivation during resting eLORETA suggests central nervous system pathology in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (Conference paper, 2014 Stanford Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Symposium: Advances in Clinical Care and Translational Research for health care providers, At Stanford School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA[13] - (Abstract - full text on request)
  • 2015, Distinct plasma immune signatures in ME/CFS are present early in the course of illness[14] - (Full Text)
  • 2015, Right Arcuate Fasciculus Abnormality in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome[15] - (Full Text)
  • 2017, Cytokine signature associated with disease severity in chronic fatigue syndrome patients[16] - (Full Text)
  • 2017, Patients diagnosed with Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome also fit systemic exertion intolerance disease criteria[17]
  • 2017, Fecal metagenomic profiles in subgroups of patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome[18] - (Full Text)
  • 2018 - Cortical hypoactivation during resting EEG suggests central nervous system pathology in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome[19] - (Abstract)
  • 2018, Deconstructing post-exertional malaise in myalgic encephalomyelitis/ chronic fatigue syndrome: A patient-centered, cross-sectional survey[20] - (Full Text)
  • 2018, Value of Circulating Cytokine Profiling During Submaximal Exercise Testing in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome[21]
  • 2018, KPAX002 as a treatment for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS): A prospective, randomized trial[22] - (Full Text)
  • 2018, Insights into myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome phenotypes through comprehensive metabolomics[23] - (Full Text)
  • 2019, Onset patterns and course of myalgic encephalomyelitis/ chronic fatigue syndrome[24]

Talks & Interviews[edit | edit source]

Notable quotes[edit | edit source]

Back in 2005, while attending a conference on toxoplasmosis in Paris, Montoya told his mentor that he wanted to research ME/CFS. His mentor scoffed at the idea, pointing to a homeless person lying in a Parisian gutter. 'That’s going to be you if you go into chronic fatigue research,' the mentor told him.[31]

Online presence[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.01.11.2 Wadman, Meredith (Jun 4, 2019). "Chronic fatigue scientist fired after conduct complaints, Stanford says". Science | AAAS. Retrieved Jun 6, 2019. 
  2. 2.002.012.022.032.042.052.062.072.082.092.102.112.122.132.142.152.162.172.182.192.20 Montoya, Jose G. "Stanford Medicine Bio". 
  3. Ingram, Julia; Wang, Claire (Jun 5, 2019). "Sexual harassment, misconduct behind medicine professor's dismissal". The Stanford Daily. Retrieved Jun 6, 2019. 
  4. Johnson, Cort (Jun 5, 2019). "Sexual Assault Investigation Results in Dr. Jose Montoya's Termination From Stanford University". Health Rising. Retrieved Jun 6, 2019. 
  5. "Beyond Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Redefining an Illness" (PDF of Powerpoint). nap.edu. Pg. 3. 
  6. "OMF grants $1.2M to Ramp Up Collaborative Research Center at Stanford University". bos.etapestry.com. Retrieved Aug 15, 2018. 
  7. "Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Common Data Element (CDE) Working Group Roster". www.commondataelements.ninds.nih.gov. NINDS NIH. Retrieved Aug 15, 2018. 
  8. Kogelnik, AM; Loomis, K; Hoegh-Petersen, M; Rosso, F; Hischier, C; Montoya, JG. "Use of valganciclovir in patients with elevated antibody titers against Human Herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) who were experiencing central nervous system dysfunction including long-standing fatigue". Journal of Clinical Virology. 37: Suppl 1:S33–8. doi:10.1016/S1386-6532(06)70009-9. PMID 17276366. 
  9. Watt, Tessa; Oberfoell, Stephanie; Balise, Raymond; Lunn, Mitchell R; Kar, Aroop K; Merrihew, Lindsey E; Bhangoo, Munveer S; Montoya, JG (2012). "Response to valganciclovir in chronic fatigue syndrome patients with human herpesvirus 6 and Epstein-Barr virus IgG antibody titers". Journal of Medical Virology. 84 (12): 1967-1974. doi:10.1002/jmv.23411. PMID 23080504. 
  10. Alter, Harvey J.; Mikovits, Judy A.; Switzer, William M.; Ruscetti, Francis W.; Lo, Shyh-Ching; Klimas, Nancy; Komaroff, Anthony L.; Montoya, Jose G.; Bateman, Lucinda; Levine, Susan; Peterson, Daniel; Levin, Bruce; Hanson, Maureen R.; Genfi, Afia; Bhat, Meera; Zheng, HaoQiang; Wang, Richard; Li, Bingjie; Hung, Guo-Chiuan; Lee, Li Ling; Sameroff, Stephen; Heneine, Walid; Coffin, John; Hornig, Mady; Lipkin, W. Ian (2012). "A Multicenter Blinded Analysis Indicates No Association between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and either Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus-Related Virus or Polytropic Murine Leukemia Virus". mBio. 3 (5): e00266–12. doi:10.1128/mBio.00266-12. 
  11. Stringer, Elizabeth Ann; Baker, Katharine Susanne; Carroll, Ian R; Montoya, Jose G; Chu, Lily; Maecker, Holden T; Younger, Jarred W (Apr 9, 2013). "Daily cytokine fluctuations, driven by leptin, are associated with fatigue severity in chronic fatigue syndrome: evidence of inflammatory pathology". Journal of Translational Medicine. 2013 (11): 93. doi:10.1186/1479-5876-11-93. 
  12. Montoya, JG; Kogelnik, AM; Bhangoo, M; Lunn, MR; Flamand, L; Merrihew, LE; Watt, T; Kubo, JT; Paik, J; Desai, M (2013). "Randomized clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of valganciclovir in a subset of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome". Journal of Medical Virology. 85 (12): 2101-9. doi:10.1002/jmv.23713. PMID 23959519. 
  13. Zinn, Mark A; May, Marcie L; Norris, Jane; Valencia, Ian; Montoya, Jose G; Maldonado, Jose R (2014), "Cortical hypoactivation during resting eLORETA suggests central nervous system pathology in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome", Conference: 2014 Stanford Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Symposium 
  14. Hornig, M; Montoya, JG; Klimas, NG; Levine, SM; Felsenstein, D; Bateman, L; Peterson, DL; Gottschalk, CG; Schultz, AF; Che, X; Eddy, ML; Komaroff, AL; Lipkin, WI (2015). "Distinct plasma immune signatures in ME/CFS are present early in the course of illness". Science Advances. 1 (1). doi:10.1126/sciadv.1400121. 
  15. Zeineh, Michael M.; Kang, James; Atlas, Scott W.; Raman, Mira M.; Reiss, Allan L.; Norris, Jane L.; Valencia, Ian; Montoya, Jose G. (2015). "Right Arcuate Fasciculus Abnormality in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome". Radiology. 274 (2): 517–526. doi:10.1148/radiol.14141079. ISSN 0033-8419. 
  16. Montoya, Jose G.; Holmes, Tyson H.; Anderson, Jill N.; Maecker, Holden T.; Rosenberg-Hasson, Yael; Valencia, Ian J.; Chu, Lily; Younger, Jarred W.; Tato, Cristina M.; Davis, Mark M. (2017). "Cytokine signature associated with disease severity in chronic fatigue syndrome patients". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 114 (34): E7150-E7158. doi:10.1073/pnas.1710519114. 
  17. Chu, Lily; Norris, Jane; Valencia, Ian J.; Montoya, Jose G. (2017). "Patients diagnosed with Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome also fit systemic exertion intolerance disease criteria". Fatigue: Biomedicine, Health & Behavior. 5. doi:10.1080/21641846.2017.1299079. 
  18. Nagy-Szakal, Dorottya; Williams, Brent L.; Mishra, Nischay; Che, Xiaoyu; Lee, Bohyun; Bateman, Lucinda; Klimas, Nancy G.; Komaroff, Anthony L.; Levine, Susan; Montoya, Jose G.; Peterson, Daniel L.; Ramanan, Devi; Jain, Komal; Eddy, Meredith L.; Hornig, Mady; Lipkin, W. Ian (2017). "Fecal metagenomic profiles in subgroups of patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome". Microbiome. 5 (44). doi:10.1186/s40168-017-0261-y. 
  19. Zinn, Mark A.; Zinn, Marcie L.; Valencia, Ian; Jason, Leonard A.; Montoya, Jose G. (2018). "Cortical hypoactivation during resting EEG suggests central nervous system pathology in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome". Biological Psychology. 136 (1): 87-99. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2018.05.016. 
  20. Chu, Lily; Valencia, Ian J.; Garvert, Donn W.; Montoya, Jose G. (Jun 1, 2018). "Deconstructing post-exertional malaise in myalgic encephalomyelitis/ chronic fatigue syndrome: A patient-centered, cross-sectional survey". PLOS One. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0197811. 
  21. Moneghetti, Kegan J.; Skhiri, Mehdi; Contrepois, Kévin; Kobayashi, Yukari; Maecker, Holden T.; Davis, Mark M.; Snyder, Michael; Haddad, Francois; Montoya, Jose G. (2018). "Value of Circulating Cytokine Profiling During Submaximal Exercise Testing in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome". Scientific Reports. 8. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20941-w. 
  22. Montoya, Jose G; Anderson, Jill N; Adolphs, Danya L; Bateman, Lucinda; Klimas, Nancy; Levine, Susan M; Garvert, Donn W; Kaiser, Jon D (2018). "KPAX002 as a treatment for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS): A prospective, randomized trial" (PDF). International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. 11 (3): 2890-2900. 
  23. Nagy-Szakal, Dorottya; Barupal, Dinesh K.; Lee, Bohyun; Che, Xiaoyu; Williams, Brent L.; Kahn, Ellie J. R.; Ukaigwe, Joy E.; Bateman, Lucinda; Klimas, Nancy G.; Komaroff, Anthony L.; Levine, Susan; Montoya, Jose G.; Peterson, Daniel L.; Levin, Bruce; Hornig, Mady; Fiehn, Oliver; Lipkin, W. Ian (2018). "Insights into myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome phenotypes through comprehensive metabolomics". Scientific Reports. 8 (1): 10056. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-28477-9. 
  24. Chu, Lily; Valencia, Ian J.; Garvert, Donn W.; Montoya, Jose G. (Jan 14, 2019). "Onset patterns and course of myalgic encephalomyelitis/ chronic fatigue syndrome". Frontiers in Pediatrics. doi:10.3389/fped.2019.00012. 
  25. Montoya, Jose (Mar 11, 2011). "Stanford's Dr. Jose Montoya on Chronic Fatigue Syndrome". YouTube. Stanford Health Care. 
  26. Waroff, Deborah (Aug 10, 2014). "Episode 65: Dr. Jose Montoya Interviewed by Deborah Waroff". YouTube. ME/CFS Alert. 
  27. "Stanford leads fight against chronic fatigue". ABC7 San Francisco. Jul 26, 2016. Retrieved Aug 15, 2018. 
  28. Montoya, Jose. "IACFS/ME Biennial Conference". iacfsme.org. Session 1: The Latest Research in Immunology and the Microbiome. 
  29. Ortleb, Charles (Sep 14, 2017). "The author of The Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Epidemic Cover-up interviews the leading Chronic Fatigue Syndrome researcher". charlesortleb.podbean.com. PodBean. 
  30. "Science for ME Q&A with Dr José G. Montoya, 16th January 2018". YouTube. Science for ME. Jan 26, 2018. 
  31. Newby, Kris (Fall 2014). "Immune system disruption". Stanford Medicine. Retrieved Aug 15, 2018. 
  32. "Jose G. Montoya - CAP Profiles". med.stanford.edu. 
  33. "Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Initiative". med.stanford.edu. 
  34. "Stanford leads fight against chronic fatigue". ABC7 San Francisco. Jul 26, 2016. Retrieved Aug 15, 2018. 
  35. Johnson, Cort (Jul 14, 2016). "Will 2016 Finally be Montoya's Year? Taking Stock of the Stanford ME/CFS Initiative". Health Rising's Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) and Fibromyalgia Forums. Retrieved Aug 15, 2018. 

Myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome

Myalgic encephalomyelitis or M.E. has different diagnostic criteria to chronic fatigue syndrome; neurological symptoms are required but fatigue is an optional symptom.<ref name="ICP2011primer">{{Citation


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