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Migraine headaches commonly occur in people with ME/CFS. In a 2011 study by Ravindran, et al, migraine headaches were found in 84%, and tension-type headaches in 81% of a cohort of CFS patients. This compared to 5% and 45%, respectively, in a cohort of healthy controls.
Presentation[edit | edit source]
Migraine without aura is defined by the following diagnostic criteria outlined inThe International Classification Of Headache Disorders, 2 edition: at least 5 episodes lasting 4 to 72 hr (untreated or unsuccessfully treated) with at least 2 of the following criteria: (i) unilateral location; (ii) pulsating quality; (iii) moderate to severe pain intensity; and (iv) aggravation by or causing avoidance of routine physical activity. During the headache either nausea with or without vomiting, or photophobia and phonophobia must occur.
Migraines in ME/CFS[edit | edit source]
Possible causes[edit | edit source]
Potential treatments[edit | edit source]
- Sumatriptan, trade name Imitrex (13 out of 14 newly diagnosed migraine subjects responded to sumatriptan in one CFS patient cohort)
- Avoiding consumption of nitrates and tyramine
- Daith piercing
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
- 2011, Migraine headaches in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): comparison of two prospective cross-sectional studies.
- 2013, Migraine in gulf war illness and chronic fatigue syndrome: Prevalence, potential mechanisms, and evaluation.(Full Text)
- 2016, Migraines Are Correlated with Higher Levels of Nitrate-, Nitrite-, and Nitric Oxide-Reducing Oral Microbes in the American Gut Project Cohort (Full Text)
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- Oct 18, 2016, Migraines could be caused by gut bacteria, study suggests
- May 19, 2018, The Migraine Drug Explosion Begins: Could Fibromyalgia and ME/CFS Benefit?
References[edit | edit source]
- Ravindran, Murugan K; Zheng, Yin; Timbol, Christian; Merck, Samantha J; Baraniuk, James N (Mar 5, 2011). "Migraine headaches in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS): Comparison of two prospective cross-sectional studies". BMC Neurology. 11 (1). doi:10.1186/1471-2377-11-30. ISSN 1471-2377. PMID 21375763.
- Headache Classification Subcommittee of the International Headache Society (2004). "The International Classification of Headache Disorders: 2nd edition". Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache. 24 Suppl 1: 9–160. ISSN 0333-1024. PMID 14979299.
- "Overlapping Conditions – American ME and CFS Society". ammes.org. Retrieved Aug 12, 2018.
- Cascio Rizzo, Angelo; Paolucci, Matteo; Altavilla, Riccardo; Brunelli, Nicoletta; Assenza, Federica; Altamura, Claudia; Vernieri, Fabrizio (2017). "Daith Piercing in a Case of Chronic Migraine: A Possible Vagal Modulation". Frontiers in Neurology. 8. doi:10.3389/fneur.2017.00624. ISSN 1664-2295. PMC . PMID 29230190.
- Rayhan, Rakib U.; Ravindran, Murugan K.; Baraniuk, James N. (2013). "Migraine in gulf war illness and chronic fatigue syndrome: prevalence, potential mechanisms, and evaluation". Frontiers in Physiology. 4: 181. doi:10.3389/fphys.2013.00181. ISSN 1664-042X. PMID 23898301.
- Gonzalez, Antonio; Hyde, Embriette; Sangwan, Naseer; Gilbert, Jack A.; Virre, Erik; Knight, Rob (Oct 18, 2016). "Migraines Are Correlated with Higher Levels of Nitrate-, Nitrite-, and Nitric Oxide-Reducing Oral Microbes in the American Gut Project Cohort" (PDF). American Society for Microbiology. 1 (5).
- Devlin, Hannah (Oct 18, 2016). "Migraines could be caused by gut bacteria, study suggests". the Guardian. Retrieved Aug 11, 2018.
- Johnson, Cort (May 19, 2018). "The Migraine Drug Explosion Begins: Could Fibromyalgia and ME/CFS Benefit? - Health Rising". Health Rising. Retrieved Aug 11, 2018.
chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A controversial term, invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, that generally refers to a collection of symptoms as “fatigue”. There have been multiple attempts to come up with a set of diagnostic criteria to define this term, but few of those diagnostic criteria are currently in use. Previous attempts to define this term include the Fukuda criteria and the Oxford criteria. Some view the term as a useful diagnostic category for people with long-term fatigue of unexplained origin. Others view the term as a derogatory term borne out of animus towards patients. Some view the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, while others view myalgic encephalomyelitis as a distinct disease.