Very severe myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome
Very severe myalgic encephalomyelitis or very severe chronic fatigue syndrome or very severe ME/CFS is a serious and profoundly disabling neurological disease.
The level of disability in very severe ME/CFS causes severe restrictions on all aspects of everyday life. Hospital environments typically cause a significant increase in symptoms due to the sensory symptoms and lack of knowledge about the person's illness and needs.
NHS definition[edit | edit source]
Very severe ME/CFS
People with very severe ME/CFS are in bed all day and dependent on care. They need help with personal hygiene and eating, and are very sensitive to sensory stimuli. Some people may not be able to swallow and may need to be tube fed.
International Consensus Criteria[edit | edit source]
Fluctuating level of symptoms[edit | edit source]
Symptoms may fluctuate in people with ME/CFS, but those with very severe ME/CFS will have persistently severe symptoms, and typically a very large number of symptoms affecting multiple bodily systems.
Advocacy[edit | edit source]
Patients with very severe ME are too ill to move independently and are totally reliant on carers.
They are usually unable to advocate for themselves since many lose all ability to speak or understand speech. Paralysis is common and may fluctuate.
Patients become vulnerable to medical neglect and abuse, including forced harmful treatment, which may be carried out with the best of intentions but still result in very serious harm or death. Clinicians may react with total disbelief and assume that the symptoms have another, more familiar cause, for example psychological disorders or fabricated induced illness (Munchausen's by proxy).
People[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- Causes of death
- Severe ME/CFS
- Medical neglect and abuse
- Myalgic encephalomyelitis
- List of abnormal findings in chronic fatigue syndrome and myalgic encephalomyelitis
- Stigma and discrimination
Learn more[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- NICE Guideline Development Group (October 29, 2021). "Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (or Encephalopathy)/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:diagnosis and management. NICE guideline". National Institute for Health and Care Excellence.
- Carruthers, BM; van de Sande, MI; De Meirleir, KL; Klimas, NG; Broderick, G; Mitchell, T; Staines, D; Powles, ACP; Speight, N; Vallings, R; Bateman, L; Bell, DS; Carlo-Stella, N; Chia, J; Darragh, A; Gerken, A; Jo, D; Lewis, DP; Light, AR; Light, KC; Marshall-Gradisnik, S; McLaren-Howard, J; Mena, I; Miwa, K; Murovska, M; Stevens, SR (2012), Myalgic encephalomyelitis: Adult & Paediatric: International Consensus Primer for Medical Practitioners (PDF), ISBN 978-0-9739335-3-6