A sprain is an injury involving a stretched or torn ligament (the tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint is stretched or torn).
Signs and symptoms[edit | edit source]
- not being able to use the joint
- you may feel a tear or pop in the joint as it happens
- joints may then feel either stiff or unstable, more severe sprains may make it impossible to put weight on the joint because it is too unstable
Sprain grades[edit | edit source]
Grade I[edit | edit source]
A ligament is stretched or has a very mild tear, little or no instability at the joint.
Grade II[edit | edit source]
An incomplete (partial) tear in the ligament, with some looseness in the joint.
Grade III[edit | edit source]
A completely torn or ruptured ligament. This may feel like a broken bone since it’s often impossible to put weight on the joint or use the affected limb because the joint too unstable.
Prevalence[edit | edit source]
Sprains commonly occur in the general population.
Symptom recognition[edit | edit source]
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
Possible causes[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- Sprains and Strains - National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- Understanding Sprains and Strains - WebMD
References[edit | edit source]
- Garrick, Nancy (April 10, 2017). "Sprains and Strains". National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
- "Understanding Sprains and Strains". WebMD. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
- Carruthers, Bruce M.; Jain, Anil Kumar; De Meirleir, Kenny L.; Peterson, Daniel L.; Klimas, Nancy G.; Lerner, A. Martin; Bested, Alison C.; Flor-Henry, Pierre; Joshi, Pradip; Powles, A C Peter; Sherkey, Jeffrey A.; van de Sande, Marjorie I. (2003), "Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Clinical Working Case Definition, Diagnostic and Treatment Protocols" (PDF), Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, 11 (2): 7-115, doi:10.1300/J092v11n01_02
- Carruthers, BM; van de Sande, MI; De Meirleir, KL; Klimas, NG; Broderick, G; Mitchell, T; Staines, D; Powles, ACP; Speight, N; Vallings, R; Bateman, L; Bell, DS; Carlo-Stella, N; Chia, J; Darragh, A; Gerken, A; Jo, D; Lewis, DP; Light, AR; Light, KC; Marshall-Gradisnik, S; McLaren-Howard, J; Mena, I; Miwa, K; Murovska, M; Stevens, SR (2012), Myalgic encephalomyelitis: Adult & Paediatric: International Consensus Primer for Medical Practitioners (PDF), ISBN 978-0-9739335-3-6
- "IOM 2015 Diagnostic Criteria | Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. January 27, 2021. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
- Fukuda, K.; Straus, S. E.; Hickie, I.; Sharpe, M. C.; Dobbins, J. G.; Komaroff, A. (December 15, 1994). "The chronic fatigue syndrome: a comprehensive approach to its definition and study. International Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Study Group" (PDF). Annals of Internal Medicine. American College of Physicians. 121 (12): 953–959. ISSN 0003-4819. PMID 7978722.
ligament the tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint