Institute of Medicine report
The 2015 Institute of Medicine report on ME/CFS, Beyond Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Redefining an Illness, was published on February 10 2015. The National Academy of Medicine (known as the Institute of Medicine or IOM until June 2015) is an American non-profit, non-governmental organization.
On 23 September 2013 the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the National Institutes of Health, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Social Security Administration announced their intention to ask the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene an expert committee to examine the evidence base for ME/CFS.
- "Between 836,000 and 2.5 million Americans suffer from myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome."
- "This disease is characterized by profound fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, sleep abnormalities, autonomic manifestations, pain, and other symptoms that are made worse by exertion of any sort."
- "Many people with ME/CFS report difficulty completing everyday tasks, and at least one quarter have been home- or bed-bound at some point as a result of their illness."
- "The total economic costs of ME/CFS are estimated at $17 to $24 billion annually."
- "ME/CFS can severely impair patients’ ability to conduct their normal lives."
Recommendation 1: "Physicians should diagnose myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome if diagnostic criteria are met following an appropriate history, physical examination, and medical work-up. A new code should be assigned to this disorder in the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), that is not linked to “chronic fatigue” or “neurasthenia.”"
Recommendation 2: "The Department of Health and Human Services should develop a toolkit appropriate for screening and diagnosing patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome in a wide array of clinical settings that commonly encounter these patients, including primary care practices, emergency departments, mental/behavioral health clinics, physical/occupational therapy units, and medical subspecialty services (e.g., rheumatology, infectious diseases, neurology)."
Recommendation 3: "A multidisciplinary group should reexamine the diagnostic criteria set forth in this report when firm evidence supports modification to improve the identification or care of affected individuals. Such a group should consider, in no more than 5 years, whether modification of the criteria is necessary. Funding for this update effort should be provided by nonconflicted sources, such as the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality through its Evidence-based Practice Centers process, and foundations."
Recommendation 4: "The committee recommends that this disorder be renamed “systemic exertion intolerance disease” (SEID). SEID should replace myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome for patients who meet the criteria set forth in this report."
Read the report
- Key facts (two pages)
- Report brief (four pages)
- Download full report (282 pages)
- Diagnostic Algorithm Chart
- Proposed Diagnostic Criteria Chart
- Read the full 282 page report online
- Front matter
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Background
- 3. Current Case Definitions and Diagnostic Criteria, Terminology, and Symptom Constructs and Clusters
- 4. Review of the Evidence on Major ME/CFS Symptoms and Manifestations
- 5. Review of the Evidence on Other ME/CFS Symptoms and Manifestations
- 6. Pediatric ME/CFS
- 7. Recommendations
- 8. Dissemination Strategy
- Public Session Agendas
- GRADE Grid Template
- Disability in ME/CFS
- Questionnaires and Tools That May Be Useful for Assessing ME/CFS Symptoms
- Biographical Sketches of Committee Members, Consultants, and Staff
Watch a recording of the report launch event.
Researchers and clinicians
- Institute of Medicine report - Review (Peter White, 8 December 2015)
- What's in a name? Systemic exertion intolerance disease (The Lancet, 21 February 2015)
- Derek Enlander comment on Institute of Medicine report (19 February 2015, see also Derek Enlander)
- Ellen Wright Clayton (Chair)
- Margarita Alegría
- Lucinda Bateman
- Lily Chu
- Charles Cleeland
- Ronald Davis
- Betty Diamond
- Theodore Ganiats
- Betsy Keller
- Nancy Klimas
- A Martin Lerner
- Cynthia Mulrow
- Benjamin Natelson
- Peter Rowe
- Michael Shelanski
- 17 February 2015, "A New Name, and Wider Recognition, for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome" by Meghan O’Rourke in The New Yorker
- 2015, Chronic fatigue syndrome is a physical disorder, not a psychological illness, panel says
- 2013, Death Contract? ME/CFS Experts and Advocates Unite to Oppose US ‘Case Definition’ Contract
- Institute of Medicine (USA); Committee on the Diagnostic Criteria for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (10 February 2015), Beyond Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Redefining an Illness
- HHS Announcement on the IOM Study on Diagnostic Criteria for ME/CFS September 23, 2013
- Institute of Medicine report - Review (8 December 2015)
- Schröder, Andreas; Ørnbøl, Eva; Jensen, Jens S.; Sharpe, Michael; Fink, Per (2017), "Long-term economic evaluation of cognitive-behavioural group treatment versus enhanced usual care for functional somatic syndromes", Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 94: 73–81, doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2017.01.005
- Per Fink complains about IOM ME/CFS report