David S. Bell, MD, is a retired American doctor who had a practice in General Medicine and Pediatrics. He was at the center of the 1985 Lyndonville outbreak of the disease in upper New York state in the United States. Dr. Bell serves on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Open Medicine Foundation.
- 2012, Understanding long-term outcomes of chronic fatigue syndrome.
Abstract: "In a follow-up study "of the 25 participants diagnosed with CFS 25 years ago, 5 self-reported that they maintained a diagnosis of CFS, while 20 reported no longer having a CFS diagnosis...Those who remitted from CFS showed significantly more impairment on 21 out of 23 outcomes compared with controls,...suggest[ing] that over time many individuals will not maintain a CFS diagnosis but will not return to their premorbid level of functioning."
- 2009, Severe versus Moderate criteria for the new pediatric case definition for ME/CFS. The study analyzed the Canadian Consensus Criteria when applied to pediatric patients and concluded: "Findings indicate that the Pediatric Case Definition for ME/CFS can distinguish between those with this illness and controls, and between those with Severe versus Moderate manifestations of the illness."
- 2006, "A Pediatric Case Definition for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome"
"Summary: For a diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), most researchers use criteria that were developed by Fukuda et al. (1994), with modifications suggested by Reeves et al. (2003). However, this case definition was established for adults rather than children. A Canadian Case Definition (ME/CFS; Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/CFS) has recently been developed, with more specific inclusion criteria (Carruthers et al., 2003). Again, the primary aim of this case definition is to diagnose adult CFS. A significant problem in the literature is the lack of both a pediatric definition of ME/CFS and a reliable instrument to assess it. These deficiencies can lead to criterion variance problems resulting in studies labeling children with a wide variety of symptoms as having ME/CFS. Subsequently, comparisons between articles become more difficult, decreasing the possibility of conducting a meta-analysis. This article presents recommendations developed by the International Association of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Pediatric Case Definition Working group for a ME/CFS pediatric case definition. It is hoped that this pediatric case definition will lead to more appropriate identification of children and adolescents with ME/CFS."
- 2006, Guidelines for the Diagnosis of Pediatric Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Things Parents Need to Know
"Abstract - In this volume, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in children and adolescents is specifically addressed. It is a topic long overdue. It is my sincere hope that the criteria presented here will begin a process of rigorous clinical testing and refinement so that pediatricians and other medical providers will come to have a reliable and accepted way of making the diagnosis of ME/CFS in a person under 18 years of age. This short review is meant for parents and other caregivers as a brief summary of the guidelines that may be of value. The primary role of these guidelines is to present a strict and rigorous definition that can be tried and tested. This summary is to make the process of diagnosis somewhat easier for parents and caregivers alike until the testing process is completed. Therefore, for more detailed symptom description and exclusionary illness description, I would refer the reader to the primary article. Professional caregivers and clinicians may make this article available to inform parents with a child/adolescent suffering from CFS."
- 2003, Predictive immunophenotypes: Disease-related profile in chronic fatigue syndrome
- 2001, Thirteen-Year Follow-Up of Children and Adolescents With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Abstract - Objective: To describe the educational, social, and symptomatic outcome of children and adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome 13 years after illness onset. Methods: Between January 1984 and December 1987, 46 children and adolescents developed an illness suggestive of chronic fatigue syndrome. Follow-up questionnaires were obtained from 35 participants an average of 13 years after illness onset. Data were obtained concerning subsequent medical diagnoses, amount of school missed, presence and severity of current symptoms, and subjective assessment of degree of illness resolution. Results: Of the 35 participants, 24 were female (68.6%) and 11 were male (31.4%). Average age at illness onset was 12.1 years. Eight participants (22.9%) had an acute onset of symptoms, 27 (77.1%) had a gradual onset. No participant received an alternative medical diagnosis that could have explained the symptom complex between illness onset and follow-up. Thirteen participants (37.1%) considered themselves resolved of illness at follow-up; 15 participants (42.9%) considered themselves well but not resolved; 4 (11.4%) considered themselves chronically ill; and 3 (8.6%) considered themselves more ill than during the early years of illness. Correlation with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Health Survey was good for current level of symptoms and degree of recovery. Eight participants (22.9%) missed >2 years of school, and 5 of these were still ill at follow-up. Amount of school missed correlated with both illness severity at follow-up and perceived social impact of the illness. Conclusions: These data demonstrate the presence of an illness consistent with the current definition of chronic fatigue syndrome. Eighty percent of children and adolescents affected had a satisfactory outcome from their fatiguing illness, although the majority of these participants had mild to moderate persisting symptoms. Twenty percent of participants remain ill with significant symptoms and activity limitation 13 years after illness onset. Chronic fatigue syndrome in children and adolescents may result in persistent somatic symptoms and disability in a minority of those affected.
- 2000, The roles of orthostatic hypotension, orthostatic tachycardia, and subnormal erythrocyte volume in the pathogenesis of the chronic fatigue syndrome
Method: "Fifteen patients were randomly selected from a large population of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, studied, and observed for several years (by DSB). Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) measured with Dinamap every minute for 30 minutes supine and 60 minutes standing were compared with these findings in 15 healthy age- and gender-matched control subjects and later during lower body compression with military antishock trousers (MAST). Plasma catecholamines and circulating erythrocyte and plasma volumes were also measured by isotopic dilution methods." Results: "Abnormal findings in the patients included excessive orthostatic reductions in systolic (P < 0.001) and diastolic BP (P < 0.001) and excessive orthostatic tachycardia (P < 0.01), together with presyncopal symptoms in 11 of the 15 patients and in none of the control subjects after standing for 60 min. Lower body compression with the MAST restored all orthostatic measurements to normal and overcame presyncopal symptoms within 10 min. Circulating erythrocyte but not plasma volumes were subnormal in the 12 women (P < 0.01) and plasma norepinephrine concentration rose excessively after standing for 10 min."
- 1998, Circulating Blood Volume in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- 1997, Illness Onset Characteristics in Children with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Idiopathic Chronic Fatigue
Talks and interviews
- December 2015 - Dr. David Bell, Tunstin, California
- June 2015 - Dr. David S. Bell, ME/CFS Presentation, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle Washington
- October, 2011 - Dr. Bell on Norwegian ME chemotherapy drug trial. [English with Norwegian subtitles]
- May 2011 - Speaker at the 6th Invest in ME International ME Conference - Speech Title: 25 Year Follow-up of ME Patients
- January 2010 - Q & A After XMRV Lecture By Dr David Bell part 2
- January 2010 - Q & A After XMRV Lecture By Dr David Bell part 1
- 2000 - Documentary, I Remember Me, directed by Kim A. Snyder
- 1996 - Primetime Live TV Show - Sick and Tired
- 1995, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in Children
Abstract - "Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), formerly called chronic Epstein-Barr virus syndrome, chronic mononucleosis, and numerous other names, is a symptom complex characterized by marked functional limitation which affects children as well as adults. The symptom complex, physical examination, laboratory evaluation, clinical course, and differential diagnosis are reviewed with particular emphasis upon CFS in children. Management consists of a comprehensive treatment plan including medical, educational, and psychosocial support wiih the aim of reducing both symptom and activity limitation. While etiology is unknown, the use of the term "chronic fatigue syndrome" is appropriate for children with marked functional limitation due to unexplained fatigue who have the associated symptom complex and physical examination findings characteristic of this condition."
- Aug 1, 2016, Prognosis of ME/CFS
- Oct 4, 2015, Dr. Bell on Understanding Orthostatic Intolerance in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia
- Oct 2, 2015, When Panic Isn't: Dr. Bell on Maggie's ME/CFS and Fibromyalgia Story
- Sept 30, 2015, Dr. David Bell on Low Blood Volume in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Aug 18, 2015, Dr. Bell's Home Orthostatic Intolerance (OI) Test
- Neuro-immune fatigue ME/CFS/FM and cellular hypoxia, David Bell - WingSpan Press - 2007
- Faces of CFS: case studies of chronic fatigue syndrome, David Bell - The Author - 2000
- A parents' guide to CFIDS: how to be an advocate for your child with chronic fatigue immune dysfunction, David Bell - Haworth Medical Press - 1999
- The doctor's guide to chronic fatigue syndrome: understanding, treating, and living with CFIDS, David Bell - Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. - 1994
- Curing fatigue: a step-by-step plan to uncover and eliminate the causes of chronic fatigue, David Bell - Stef Donev - Rodale Press - 1993
- The disease of a thousand names: CFIDS--chronic fatigue/immune dysfunction syndrome, David Bell - Unknown Binding – 1991
Open Letter to The Lancet
Two open letters to the editor of The Lancet urged the editor to commission a fully independent review of the PACE trial, which the journal had published in 2011. In 2016, Dr. Bell, along with 41 colleagues in the ME/CFS field, signed the second letter.
- 10 February 2016, An open letter to The Lancet, again - Virology blog
- Wikipedia - David Sheffield Bell
- 2016, Dr. David Bell Joins OMF Scientific Advisory Board (see Open Medicine Foundation)
- 1990, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Carruthers, BM; van de Sande, MI; De Meirleir, KL; Klimas, NG; Broderick, G; Mitchell, T; Staines, D; Powles, A C P; Speight, N; Vallings, R; Bateman, L; Baumgarten-Austrheim, B; Bell, DS; Carlo-Stella, N; Chia, J; Darragh, A; Jo, D; Lewis, D; Light, A; Marshall-Gradisnik, S; Mena, I; Mikovits, JA; Miwa, K; Murovska, M; Pall, ML; Stevens, S (2011), "Myalgic encephalomyelitis: International Consensus Criteria.", Journal of Internal Medicine, 270 (4): 327-38, PMID 21777306, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02428.x
- Brown MM, Bell DS, Jason LA, Christos C, Bell DE. (2012). Understanding long-term outcomes of chronic fatigue syndrome. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68(9):1028-35. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21880. Epub 2012 Jun 29. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22753044
- Jason L, Porter N, Shelleby E, Till L, Bell DS, Lapp CW, Rowe K, De Meirleir K. (2009). Severe versus Moderate criteria for the new pediatric case definition for ME/CFS. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 40(4):609-20. doi: 10.1007/s10578-009-0147-8. Epub 2009 Jun 10. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19513826
- Jason, Leonard A; Jordan, Karen; Miike, Teruhisa; Bell, David S; Lapp, Charles; Torres-Harding, Susan; Rowe, Kathy; Gurwitt, Alan; De Meirleir, Kenny; Van Hoof, Elke LS (2006), "A Pediatric Case Definition for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome", Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, 13 (2-3): 1-44, doi:10.1300/J092v13n02_01
- David S. Bell & E. Van Hoof. (2006). Guidelines for the Diagnosis of Pediatric Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Things Parents Need to Know. Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Vol. 13, Iss. 2-3, pp. 79-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J092v13n02_05
- Bell, David S.; Jordan, Karen; Robinson, Mary (2001), "Thirteen-Year Follow-Up of Children and Adolescents With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome", Pediatrics, 107 (5): 994-998, PMID 11331676
- Streeten DH, Thomas D, Bell DS.(2000). The roles of orthostatic hypotension, orthostatic tachycardia, and subnormal erythrocyte volume in the pathogenesis of the chronic fatigue syndrome. American Journal of the Medical Science, 320 (1):1-8.Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10910366
- David H. P. Streeten and David S. Bell, MD. (1998). Circulating Blood Volume in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome', Vol. 4, Iss. 1, pp. 3-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J092v04n01_02
- Bell, David S. (1995), "Illness Onset Characteristics in Children with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Idiopathic Chronic Fatigue", Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, 3 (2): 43-51, doi:10.1300/J092v01n01_03
- Bell, David S. (1995), "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in Children", Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, 1 (1): 9-33, doi:10.1300/J092v01n01_03