Mental health

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Mental health is a broad term that can refer to cognitive, behavioral, emotional, psychological, and/or social well-being.[1][2][3] Mental illness refers to a psychiatric illness, for example depression, anxiety or anorexia nervosa.

ME/CFS[edit | edit source]

Brown et al (2010) found that patients with chronic fatigue syndrome who had both a mental illness before CFS and a current mental illness had greater pain, great sleep dysfunction, and more physical symptoms compared to patients with CFS who did not have a mental illness, or patients whose mental illness only began after they became ill with chronic fatigue syndrome.[4] Level of fatigue was not significantly associated with past or current psychiatric illness, and even chronic fatigue syndrome patients with no psychiatric history had severe disability.[4]

Studies[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "What Is Mental Health?". www.mentalhealth.gov. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Aug 29, 2017. Retrieved Feb 18, 2019. 
  2. "What Is Mental Illness?". www.psychiatry.org. American Psychiatric Association. August 2018. Retrieved Feb 18, 2019. 
  3. "Mental health: a state of well-being". WHO. Retrieved Feb 18, 2019. 
  4. 4.04.14.2 Brown, Molly M.; Kaplan, Carly; Jason, Leonard A.; Keys, Christopher B. (2010). "Subgroups of chronic fatigue syndrome based on psychiatric disorder onset and current psychiatric status". Health. 02 (02): 90–96. doi:10.4236/health.2010.22015. ISSN 1949-4998. 
  5. Hawk, C; Jason, L; Torres-Harding, S (2006), "Differential diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome and major depressive disorder" (PDF), International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 13 (3): 244-51, doi:10.1207/s15327558ijbm1303_8, PMID 17078775 
  6. Griffith, J. P.; Zarrouf, F. A. (2008), "A Systematic Review of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Don't Assume It's Depression", Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 10 (2): 120–128, PMID 18458765 
  7. Twisk, Frank N. M.; Maes, Michael (2009). "A review on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) in myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) / chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): CBT/GET is not only ineffective and not evidence-based, but also potentially harmful for many patients with ME/CFS". Neuro Endocrinology Letters. 30 (3): 284–299. ISSN 0172-780X. PMID 19855350. 
  8. Daniels, J; Brigden, A; Kacorova, A (2017), "Anxiety and depression in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME): Examining the incidence of health anxiety in CFS/ME", Psychol Psychother, 90 (3): 502-509, doi:10.1111/papt.12118 
  9. Núñez, Montserrat; Fernández-Solà, Joaquim; Nuñez, Esther; Fernández-Huerta, José-Manuel; Godás-Sieso, Teresa; Gomez-Gil, Esther (Mar 2011). "Health-related quality of life in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: group cognitive behavioural therapy and graded exercise versus usual treatment. A randomised controlled trial with 1 year of follow-up". Clinical Rheumatology. 30 (3): 381–389. doi:10.1007/s10067-010-1677-y. ISSN 1434-9949. PMID 21234629. 
  10. Geraghty, Keith J; Blease, Charlotte (Sep 15, 2016). "Cognitive behavioural therapy in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome: A narrative review on efficacy and informed consent" (PDF). Journal of Health Psychology. 23 (1): 127–138. doi:10.1177/1359105316667798. ISSN 1359-1053. 
  11. Illegems, Jela; Moorkens, Greta; Van Den Eede, Filip (2016). "Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome". Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 85 (5): 308. doi:10.1159/000445166. ISSN 1423-0348. PMID 27513528. 
  12. Geraghty, Keith; Hann, Mark; Kurtev, Stoyan (Aug 29, 2017). "Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome patients' reports of symptom changes following cognitive behavioural therapy, graded exercise therapy and pacing treatments: Analysis of a primary survey compared with secondary surveys". Journal of Health Psychology. doi:10.1177/1359105317726152. 
  13. McPhee, Graham (2017). "Cognitive behaviour therapy and objective assessments in chronic fatigue syndrome". Journal of Health Psychology. 22 (9): 1181–1186. doi:10.1177/1359105317707215. ISSN 1461-7277. PMID 28805529. 
  14. Wilshire, Carolyn E.; Kindlon, Tom; Courtney, Robert; Matthees, Alem; Tuller, David; Geraghty, Keith; Levin, Bruce (Mar 22, 2018). "Rethinking the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome—a reanalysis and evaluation of findings from a recent major trial of graded exercise and CBT". BMC Psychology. 6 (1). doi:10.1186/s40359-018-0218-3. ISSN 2050-7283. PMC 5863477Freely accessible. PMID 29562932. 
  15. Twisk, Frank; Corsius, Lou (Aug 2018). "Cognitive–behavioural therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome: neither efficacious nor safe". The British Journal of Psychiatry. 213 (2): 500–501. doi:10.1192/bjp.2018.136. ISSN 0007-1250. 

Cognition - Thought processes, including attention, reasoning, and memory.

ME/CFS - An acronym that combines myalgic encephalomyelitis with chronic fatigue syndrome. Sometimes they are combined because people have trouble distinguishing one from the other. Sometimes they are combined because people see them as synonyms of each other.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) - A type of psychotherapy geared toward modifying alleged unhealthy thinking, behaviors or illness beliefs. One of the treatment arms used in the controversial PACE trial.

Graded exercise therapy (GET) - A gradual increase in exercise or activity, according to a pre-defined plan. Focuses on overcoming the patient's alleged unhelpful illness beliefs that exertion can exacerbate symptoms, rather than on reversing physical deconditioning. Considered controversial, and possibly harmful, in the treatment or management of ME. One of the treatment arms of the controversial PACE trial.

Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) - A type of psychotherapy geared toward modifying alleged unhealthy thinking, behaviors or illness beliefs. One of the treatment arms used in the controversial PACE trial.

Randomized controlled trial (RCT) - A trial in which participants are randomly assigned to two groups, with one group receiving the treatment being studied and a control or comparison group receiving a sham treatment, placebo, or comparison treatment.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) - A type of psychotherapy geared toward modifying alleged unhealthy thinking, behaviors or illness beliefs. One of the treatment arms used in the controversial PACE trial.

Graded exercise therapy (GET) - A gradual increase in exercise or activity, according to a pre-defined plan. Focuses on overcoming the patient's alleged unhelpful illness beliefs that exertion can exacerbate symptoms, rather than on reversing physical deconditioning. Considered controversial, and possibly harmful, in the treatment or management of ME. One of the treatment arms of the controversial PACE trial.

American Psychiatric Association - the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the largest psychiatric organization in the world

World Health Organization (WHO) - "A specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations." The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is maintained by WHO.

Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.