Low sulfur diet
A low sulfur diet or sulphite-restricted diet involves reducing or eliminating foods and drinks containing sulfur, and has been suggested for people with sulphite sensitivity, which is relatively rare, or for some gastrointestinal problems.
Sulphite sensitivity[edit | edit source]
People with sulfite sensitivity do not need to avoid sulfates or sulfur. Sulphite sensitivity does not normally cause an allergic reaction, asthma symptoms are the most common response in people with sulfite sensitivity. Medications containing sulfates e.g., morphine sulfate, and soaps or shampoos containing sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) do not need to be avoided. Some people experience allergic reactions to sulfonamide medications, but this is a separate allergy and not caused by sulfite sensitivity.
High sulfur foods and drinks[edit | edit source]
- Processed meats, mince, although other meats may have sulfite used as a preservative
- Crustaceans, e.g. crab or shrimp
- As an additive or preservative, e.g., in soup mixes, pickles, commercially prepared baked goods including bread and biscuits, dried fruits, canned vegetables, gravy, condiments e.g. ketchup, relishes, or tomato puree, bottled lemon or lime juice, grapes, pizza dough, pies
- Foods containing gelatine or pectin, e.g., jams or marmalade and jellies
- Wine, cider, beer, apple juice, cordials, instant teas, drinks with added sulphites or sulphates
- Foods labeled as containing sodium sulphite or sulphate, sodium thiosulphate, sulphurous acid, sulphur dioxide, sodium or potassium metabisulphite, sodium or potassium bisulphite, or sodium dithionate
- European additives including E220, and E221 to E228
- Supplements or medications may contain sulfur, including MSM or those containing gelatine.
Low sulfur diet[edit | edit source]
- Most plant-based or vegan foods except soy
Theory[edit | edit source]
Evidence[edit | edit source]
No particular diet is recommended or shown to be effective in ME/CFS. The International Consensus Criteria Primer states that most patients do best on a diet that is low-fat protein, and a range of fruit and vegetables.
Risks and safety[edit | edit source]
Costs and availability[edit | edit source]
News articles[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- Sulphite-restricted diet - GI society
- Low Sulphite Diet - Women and Children's Health Network, Government of South Australia
- Sulphite sensitivity - WebMD
References[edit | edit source]
- GI Society. "Sulphite-Restricted Diet". Gastrointestinal Society. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
- "What Is Sulfite Sensitivity?". WebMD. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
- National Health Service (October 3, 2018). "Food allergy - Causes". nhs.uk. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
- Carruthers, BM; van de Sande, MI; De Meirleir, KL; Klimas, NG; Broderick, G; Mitchell, T; Staines, D; Powles, ACP; Speight, N; Vallings, R; Bateman, L; Bell, DS; Carlo-Stella, N; Chia, J; Darragh, A; Gerken, A; Jo, D; Lewis, DP; Light, AR; Light, KC; Marshall-Gradisnik, S; McLaren-Howard, J; Mena, I; Miwa, K; Murovska, M; Stevens, SR (2012), Myalgic encephalomyelitis: Adult & Paediatric: International Consensus Primer for Medical Practitioners (PDF), ISBN 978-0-9739335-3-6