Magnetic resonance imaging

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce images of thin slices of tissues. MRI scans can be used to image many different parts of the body, including the brain, joints, major organs and even the whole body.[1]

MRI scans can be used for many different purposes, e.g. to show:

  • abnormalities of the brain and spinal cord
  • abnormalities in various parts of the body such as breast, prostate, and liver
  • joint injuries or abnormalities, for example a knee injury
  • heart structure and function
  • areas of activity within the brain, using a functional MRI
  • blood flow through blood vessels and arteries[2]

Theory[edit | edit source]

ME/CFS MRI evidence[edit | edit source]

brain scans showing brain changes
Progressive brain changes in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Shan et al. (2016).[3]

Cost and availability[edit | edit source]

Notable studies[edit | edit source]

  • 2016, Progressive Brain Changes in Patients With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Longitudinal MRI Study[4]
  • 2016, Autonomic correlations with MRI are abnormal in the brainstem vasomotor centre in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome[5]
  • 2017, Medial prefrontal cortex deficits correlate with unrefreshing sleep in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome[6]
  • 2018, Decreased Connectivity and Increased Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent Complexity in the Default Mode Network in Individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome[7]
  • 2018, Brain function characteristics of chronic fatigue syndrome: A task fMRI study[8]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Special Subjects - MSD Manual Professional Edition". MSD Manual Professional Edition. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018. 
  2. Health Center for Devices and Radiological. "MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) - Uses". www.fda.gov. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018. 
  3. Shan, Zack Y.; Kwiatek, Richard; Burnet, Richard; Del Fante, Peter; Staines, Donald R.; Marshall-Gradisnik, Sonya M.; Barnden, Leighton R. (Apr 28, 2016). "Progressive brain changes in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: A longitudinal MRI study". Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 44 (5): 1301–1311. doi:10.1002/jmri.25283. ISSN 1053-1807. PMC 5111735Freely accessible. PMID 27123773. 
  4. Shan, Zack Y.; Kwiatek, Richard; Burnet, Richard; Fante, Peter Del; Staines, Donald R.; Marshall‐Gradisnik, Sonya M.; Barnden, Leighton R. (2016). "Progressive brain changes in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: A longitudinal MRI study". Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 44 (5): 1301–1311. doi:10.1002/jmri.25283. ISSN 1522-2586. PMC 5111735Freely accessible. PMID 27123773. 
  5. Barnden, Leighton R.; Kwiatek, Richard; Crouch, Benjamin; Burnet, Richard; Del Fante, Peter (Jan 1, 2016). "Autonomic correlations with MRI are abnormal in the brainstem vasomotor centre in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome". NeuroImage: Clinical. 11: 530–537. doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2016.03.017. ISSN 2213-1582. 
  6. Shan, Zack Y.; Kwiatek, Richard; Burnet, Richard; Fante, Peter Del; Staines, Donald R.; Marshall‐Gradisnik, Sonya M.; Barnden, Leighton R. (2017). "Medial prefrontal cortex deficits correlate with unrefreshing sleep in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome". NMR in Biomedicine. 30 (10): e3757. doi:10.1002/nbm.3757. ISSN 1099-1492. 
  7. Shan, Zack Y.; Finegan, Kevin; Bhuta, Sandeep; Ireland, Timothy; Staines, Donald R.; Marshall-Gradisnik, Sonya M.; Barnden, Leighton R. (Feb 2018). "Decreased Connectivity and Increased Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent Complexity in the Default Mode Network in Individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome". Brain Connectivity. 8 (1): 33–39. doi:10.1089/brain.2017.0549. ISSN 2158-0022. PMID 29152994. 
  8. Shan, Zack Y.; Finegan, Kevin; Bhuta, Sandeep; Ireland, Timothy; Staines, Donald R.; Marshall-Gradisnik, Sonya M.; Barnden, Leighton R. (Jan 1, 2018). "Brain function characteristics of chronic fatigue syndrome: A task fMRI study". NeuroImage: Clinical. 19: 279–286. doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.04.025. ISSN 2213-1582. 

chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A controversial term, invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, that generally refers to a collection of symptoms as “fatigue”. There have been multiple attempts to come up with a set of diagnostic criteria to define this term, but few of those diagnostic criteria are currently in use. Previous attempts to define this term include the Fukuda criteria and the Oxford criteria. Some view the term as a useful diagnostic category for people with long-term fatigue of unexplained origin. Others view the term as a derogatory term borne out of animus towards patients. Some view the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, while others view myalgic encephalomyelitis as a distinct disease.

chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A controversial term, invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, that generally refers to a collection of symptoms as “fatigue”. There have been multiple attempts to come up with a set of diagnostic criteria to define this term, but few of those diagnostic criteria are currently in use. Previous attempts to define this term include the Fukuda criteria and the Oxford criteria. Some view the term as a useful diagnostic category for people with long-term fatigue of unexplained origin. Others view the term as a derogatory term borne out of animus towards patients. Some view the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, while others view myalgic encephalomyelitis as a distinct disease.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.