Functional magnetic resonance imaging
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) is a method of brain magnetic resonance imaging. Unlike in regular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which looks at the brain at rest, fMRI is conducted while the patient is performing a cognitive task, in order to identify differences in blood flow related to the cognitive task.
Theory[edit | edit source]
ME/CFS fMRI evidence[edit | edit source]
- 2014, Brains of People With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Offer Clues About Disorder
- 2018, Brain function characteristics of chronic fatigue syndrome: A task fMRI study
Cost and availability[edit | edit source]
Specialized training is necessary to operate an fMRI and at this time are rarely used outside of research settings. However, it has a "small but growing role in clinical neuroimaging. It is used in pre-surgical planning to localise brain function."
Commercial use[edit | edit source]
Two companies in North America have set up lie detection services and several neuromarketing companies are using fMRI "to gain insights into consumer thought and behaviour."
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- How does fMRI brain scanning work? Alan Alda and Dr. Nancy Kanwisher, MIT
- Marketers Should Pay Attention to fMRI
References[edit | edit source]
- "Brain function characteristics of chronic fatigue syndrome: A task fMRI study". NeuroImage: Clinical. 19: 279–286. Jan 1, 2018. doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.04.025. ISSN 2213-1582.
- Tuller, David (Nov 24, 2014), "Brains of People With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Offer Clues About Disorder", NY Times
- Zeineh, Michael M; Kang, James; Atlas, Scott W; et al. (Oct 29, 2014), "Right Arcuate Fasciculus Abnormality in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome", Radiology, 274 (2): 517–526, doi:10.1148/radiol.14141079
- Goldman, Bruce (Oct 28, 2014), "Study finds brain abnormalities in chronic fatigue patients", Stanford Medicine News Center
- "fMRI: Billing". fmri.research.umich.edu. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018.
- Bobholz, Julie A.; Rao, Stephen M.; Saykin, Andrew J.; Pliskin, Neil (2007). "Clinical Use of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Reflections on the New CPT Codes". Neuropsychology review. 17 (2): 189–191. doi:10.1007/s11065-007-9022-1. ISSN 1040-7308. PMID 17464565.
- Pressman, Peter (Oct 1, 2018). "How Does a Functional MRI Machine Work?". Verywell Health. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018.
- "How is FMRI Used? — Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences". www.ndcn.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018.
- Herzberg, Mikio (Jul 30, 2015). "fMRI - How it Works and What it's Good For". YouTube. Mikio Herzberg.
- Alda, Alan; Kanwisher, Nancy (Jul 22, 2013). "How does fMRI brain scanning work? Alan Alda and Dr. Nancy Kanwisher, MIT". YouTube. Brains on Trial.
- Karmarkar, Uma R.; Yoon, Carolyn; Plassmann, Hilke (Nov 3, 2015). "Marketers Should Pay Attention to fMRI". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018.
chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A controversial term, invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, that generally refers to a collection of symptoms as “fatigue”. There have been multiple attempts to come up with a set of diagnostic criteria to define this term, but few of those diagnostic criteria are currently in use. Previous attempts to define this term include the Fukuda criteria and the Oxford criteria. Some view the term as a useful diagnostic category for people with long-term fatigue of unexplained origin. Others view the term as a derogatory term borne out of animus towards patients. Some view the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, while others view myalgic encephalomyelitis as a distinct disease.