Functional magnetic resonance imaging

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Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) is a method of brain magnetic resonance imaging. Unlike in regular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which looks at the brain at rest, fMRI is conducted while the patient is performing a cognitive task, in order to identify differences in blood flow related to the cognitive task.

Brain function image of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Shan et al (2018).[1]

Theory[edit | edit source]

ME/CFS fMRI evidence[edit | edit source]

Cost and availability[edit | edit source]

The University of Michigan, US, current rate for 2018 is $563 per hour.[5]

Specialized training is necessary to operate an fMRI and at this time are rarely used outside of research settings.[6][7] However, it has a "small but growing role in clinical neuroimaging. It is used in pre-surgical planning to localise brain function."[8]

Commercial use[edit | edit source]

Two companies in North America have set up lie detection services and several neuromarketing companies are using fMRI "to gain insights into consumer thought and behaviour."[8]

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.01.1 "Brain function characteristics of chronic fatigue syndrome: A task fMRI study". NeuroImage: Clinical. 19: 279–286. January 1, 2018. doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.04.025. ISSN 2213-1582.
  2. Tuller, David (November 24, 2014), "Brains of People With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Offer Clues About Disorder", NY Times
  3. Zeineh, Michael M; Kang, James; Atlas, Scott W; Raman, Mira M; Reiss, Allan L; Norris, Jane L; Valencia, Ian; Montoya, Jose G (October 29, 2014), "Right Arcuate Fasciculus Abnormality in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome", Radiology, 274 (2): 517–526, doi:10.1148/radiol.14141079
  4. Goldman, Bruce (October 28, 2014), "Study finds brain abnormalities in chronic fatigue patients", Stanford Medicine News Center
  5. "fMRI: Billing". Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  6. Bobholz, Julie A.; Rao, Stephen M.; Saykin, Andrew J.; Pliskin, Neil (2007). "Clinical Use of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Reflections on the New CPT Codes". Neuropsychology review. 17 (2): 189–191. doi:10.1007/s11065-007-9022-1. ISSN 1040-7308. PMID 17464565.
  7. Pressman, Peter (October 1, 2018). "How Does a Functional MRI Machine Work?". Verywell Health. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  8. 8.08.1 "How is FMRI Used? — Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences". Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  9. Herzberg, Mikio (July 30, 2015). "fMRI - How it Works and What it's Good For". YouTube. Mikio Herzberg.
  10. Alda, Alan; Kanwisher, Nancy (July 22, 2013). "How does fMRI brain scanning work? Alan Alda and Dr. Nancy Kanwisher, MIT". YouTube. Brains on Trial.
  11. Karmarkar, Uma R.; Yoon, Carolyn; Plassmann, Hilke (November 3, 2015). "Marketers Should Pay Attention to fMRI". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved October 12, 2018.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.