The kidneys are a pair of organs, each located on either side of the spinal cord below the rib cage that filter metabolic waste products from the blood. The waste is turned into urine and eliminated from the body. In addition, kidneys help control the body's fluid balance and help keep the right levels of electrolytes circulating in the bloodstream.
The adrenal glands sit atop the kidneys.
ME/CFS[edit | edit source]
Research studies[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- Adrenal glands
- Nutcracker phenomenon
- Dr Markov's chronic bacterial intoxication syndrome (CBIS) theory of ME/CFS (Dr Markov believes ME/CFS is caused by a bacterial dysbiosis in the kidneys)
References[edit | edit source]
- Hoffman, Matthew; MD. "The Kidneys: Picture, Function, Conditions, Tests, Treatments". WebMD. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
- McGregor, Neil R.; Armstrong, Christopher W.; Lewis, Donald P.; Butt, Henry L.; Gooley, Paul R. (July 2016). "Metabolic profiling reveals anomalous energy metabolism and oxidative stress pathways in chronic fatigue syndrome patients". Fatigue: Biomedicine, Health & Behavior. 4 (3): 132–145. doi:10.1080/21641846.2016.1207400.