Electrolyte

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Electrolytes are essential to homeostasis, the normal functioning of the human body, and play a key role in metabolism.[1] A lack of electrolytes, incorrect electrolyte balance, too little or too much of an electrolyte can cause serious health problems,[1] and in extreme cases death.

In medicine, the term electrolytes refers to a mineral that has been dissociated from a salt that carries an electrical charge (an ion). For example, sodium ions are often referred to as electrolytes.[1]

Electrolytes that play a key role in the human body are:

Less important roles are played by magnesium, copper, zinc, iron, manganese, molybdenum, and chromium. [1]

Purpose[edit | edit source]

Sources[edit | edit source]

Electrolytes are present in food and drinks (including trace amounts in water). They are also available as supplements, and some can be injected or provided intravenously.

Evidence[edit | edit source]

ME/CFS[edit | edit source]

Electrolytes are a possible treatment for the energy metabolism and ion transportation problems found in M.E.[2]

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.01.11.21.3 OpenStax (Feb 26, 2016). Anatomy & Physiology. OpenStax CNS. 
  2. Carruthers, B. M.; Sande, M. I. van de; Meirleir, K. L. De; Klimas, N. G.; Broderick, G.; Mitchell, T.; Staines, D.; Powles, A. C. P.; Speight, N. (Oct 1, 2011). "Myalgic encephalomyelitis: International Consensus Criteria" (PDF). Journal of Internal Medicine. 270 (4). doi:10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02428.x/full. ISSN 1365-2796. 

ME/CFS - An acronym that combines myalgic encephalomyelitis with chronic fatigue syndrome. Sometimes they are combined because people have trouble distinguishing one from the other. Sometimes they are combined because people see them as synonyms of each other.

Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.