Electrolytes are essential to homeostasis, the normal functioning of the human body, and play a key role in metabolism. A lack of electrolytes, incorrect electrolyte balance, too little or too much of an electrolyte can cause serious health problems, and in extreme cases death.
In medicine, the term electrolytes refers to a mineral that has been dissociated from a salt that carries an electrical charge (an ion). For example, sodium ions are often referred to as electrolytes.
Electrolytes that play a key role in the human body are:
- Sodium, for example table salt (sodium chloride) or saline
- calcium, and
Purpose[edit | edit source]
Sources[edit | edit source]
Electrolytes are present in food and drinks (including trace amounts in water). They are also available as supplements, and some can be injected or provided intravenously.
Evidence[edit | edit source]
ME/CFS[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- Ion transportation
- Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome
- List of electrolytes
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- Electrolytes - Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary
References[edit | edit source]
- OpenStax (February 26, 2016). Anatomy & Physiology. OpenStax CNS.
- Carruthers, B.M.; Sande, M. I. van de; Meirleir, K. L. De; Klimas, N.G.; Broderick, G.; Mitchell, T.; Staines, D.; Powles, A.C.P.; Speight, N. (October 1, 2011). "Myalgic encephalomyelitis: International Consensus Criteria" (PDF). Journal of Internal Medicine. 270 (4). doi:10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02428.x/full. ISSN 1365-2796.