Chest pain can be a sign of a heart attack or other cardiac condition, but it can also be a symptom of problems related to respiration, digestion, bones and muscles, or other aspects of physical and mental health.
Chest pain should always be taken seriously, even if it's mild or you don't suspect a life-threatening condition.
Presentation[edit | edit source]
Prevalence[edit | edit source]
- Katrina Berne reports a prevalence of 40% for chest pain.
Symptom recognition[edit | edit source]
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
Possible causes[edit | edit source]
- Heart attack
- Aortic aneurysm
- Aortic dissection or rupture
- Valve disease
- Pulmonary embolism
- Collapsed lung
- Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD)
- Lung cancer
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Esophageal rupture
- Primary esophageal motility disorders (PEMDs)
- Hiatal hernia
Mental health-related causes
Potential treatments[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Roland, James; Sullivan, Debra (January 10, 2018). "Causes of Chest Pain: 30 Reasons for Pain and Tightness". Healthline. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
- Berne, Katrina (December 1, 1995), Running on Empty: The Complete Guide to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFIDS), 2nd ed., Hunter House, p. 58, ISBN 978-0897931915
- Soriano, Joan B.; Allan, Maya; Alsokhn, Carine; Alwan, Nisreen A.; Askie, Lisa; Davis, Hannah E.; Diaz, Janet V.; Dua, Tarun; de Groote, Wouter; Jakob, Robert; Lado, Marta; Marshall, John; Murthy, Srin; Preller, Jacobus; Relan, Pryanka; Schiess, Nicoline; Seahwag, Archana (October 6, 2021), A clinical case definition of post COVID-19 condition by a Delphi consensus, World Health Organization (WHO) clinical case definition working group on post COVID-19 condition, World Health Organization
muscle strain An injury involving a stretched or torn muscle or tendon (tendons are fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscle to bone).
World Health Organization (WHO) - "A specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations." The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is maintained by WHO.