Chest pain

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Chest pain can be a sign of a heart attack or other cardiac condition, but it can also be a symptom of problems related to respiration, digestion, bones and muscles, or other aspects of physical and mental health.[1]

Chest pain should always be taken seriously, even if it's mild or you don't suspect a life-threatening condition.[1]

Presentation[edit | edit source]

Prevalence[edit | edit source]

  • Katrina Berne reports a prevalence of 40% for chest pain.[2]

Symptom recognition[edit | edit source]

Chest pain is a potential symptom of Long COVID in the World Health Organization's definition.[3]

Notable studies[edit | edit source]

Possible causes[edit | edit source]

The following list is from Healthline article 30 Causes for Chest Pain and When to Seek Help.[1]

Heart-related causes

  • Angina
  • Heart attack
  • Myocarditis
  • Pericarditis
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Aortic dissection or rupture
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Valve disease

Respiratory causes

  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Collapsed lung
  • Pneumonia
  • Asthma
  • Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD)
  • Pleurisy
  • Lung cancer
  • Pulmonary hypertension

Digestive causes

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Esophagitis
  • Esophageal rupture
  • Primary esophageal motility disorders (PEMDs)
  • Dysphagia
  • Gallstones
  • Pancreatitis
  • Hiatal hernia

Mental health-related causes

Other causes

Potential treatments[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Roland, James; Sullivan, Debra (January 10, 2018). "Causes of Chest Pain: 30 Reasons for Pain and Tightness". Healthline. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  2. Berne, Katrina (December 1, 1995). Running on Empty: The Complete Guide to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFIDS) (2nd ed.). Hunter House. p. 58. ISBN 978-0897931915.
  3. Soriano, Joan B.; Allan, Maya; Alsokhn, Carine; Alwan, Nisreen A.; Askie, Lisa; Davis, Hannah E.; Diaz, Janet V.; Dua, Tarun; de Groote, Wouter; Jakob, Robert; Lado, Marta; Marshall, John; Murthy, Srin; Preller, Jacobus; Relan, Pryanka; Schiess, Nicoline; Seahwag, Archana (October 6, 2021), A clinical case definition of post COVID-19 condition by a Delphi consensus, World Health Organization (WHO) clinical case definition working group on post COVID-19 condition, World Health Organization

muscle strain An injury involving a stretched or torn muscle or tendon (tendons are fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscle to bone).

World Health Organization (WHO) - "A specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations." The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is maintained by WHO.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.