Positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses and fatiguing illnesses

From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history

A number of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses (+ssRNA viruses) are known to cause chronic fatiguing illnesses, or are associated with such illnesses.

List of ssRNA viruses causing or associated with fatiguing illnesses
Virus Genus Fatiguing disease References
Coxsackievirus B Enterovirus Linked to ME/CFS [1]
Echovirus Enterovirus Linked to ME/CFS [1]
SARS-CoV-1 Beta-coronavirus Linked to an ME/CFS-like illness [2]
SARS-CoV-2 Beta-coronavirus Linked to ME/CFS (long COVID) [3]
Ross River virus Alphavirus Linked to ME/CFS [4][5]
West Nile virus Flavivirus Linked to ME/CFS [6]
Dengue virus Flavivirus Linked to an ME/CFS-like illness [7][8]
Hepatitis C virus Hepacivirus Can cause a chronic fatiguing illness [9]

In the case of the chronic enterovirus infections linked to ME/CFS, these involve defective enteroviruses: see non-cytolytic enterovirus. Chronic dengue virus and chronic hepatitis C virus infections also involve defective viruses.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 O'Neal, Adam J.; Hanson, Maureen R. (2021). "The Enterovirus Theory of Disease Etiology in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Critical Review". Frontiers in Medicine. 8. doi:10.3389/fmed.2021.688486. PMC 8253308. PMID 34222292.
  2. Moldofsky, Harvey; Patcai, John (March 24, 2011). "Chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, depression and disordered sleep in chronic post-SARS syndrome; a case-controlled study". BMC Neurology. 11: 37. doi:10.1186/1471-2377-11-37. ISSN 1471-2377. PMC 3071317. PMID 21435231.
  3. Bonilla, Hector; Quach, Tom C.; Tiwari, Anushri; Bonilla, Andres E.; Miglis, Mitchell; Yang, Phillip C.; Eggert, Lauren E.; Sharifi, Husham; Horomanski, Audra; Subramanian, Aruna; Smirnoff, Liza (February 24, 2023). "Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is common in post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC): Results from a post-COVID-19 multidisciplinary clinic". Frontiers in Neurology. 14: 1090747. doi:10.3389/fneur.2023.1090747. ISSN 1664-2295. PMC 9998690. PMID 36908615.
  4. Selden, S. M.; Cameron, A. S. (September 16, 1996). "Changing epidemiology of Ross River virus disease in South Australia". The Medical Journal of Australia. 165 (6): 313–317. doi:10.5694/j.1326-5377.1996.tb124989.x. ISSN 0025-729X. PMID 8862330.
  5. Hickie, Ian; Davenport, Tracey; Wakefield, Denis; Vollmer-Conna, Ute; Cameron, Barbara; Vernon, Suzanne D.; Reeves, William C.; Lloyd, Andrew; Dubbo Infection Outcomes Study Group (September 16, 2006). "Post-infective and chronic fatigue syndromes precipitated by viral and non-viral pathogens: prospective cohort study". BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 333 (7568): 575. doi:10.1136/bmj.38933.585764.AE. ISSN 1756-1833. PMC 1569956. PMID 16950834.
  6. Garcia, Melissa N.; Hause, Anne M.; Walker, Christopher M.; Orange, Jordan S.; Hasbun, Rodrigo; Murray, Kristy O. (September 1, 2014). "Evaluation of Prolonged Fatigue Post–West Nile Virus Infection and Association of Fatigue with Elevated Antiviral and Proinflammatory Cytokines". Viral Immunology. 27 (7): 327–333. doi:10.1089/vim.2014.0035. ISSN 0882-8245. PMC 4150370. PMID 25062274.
  7. Seet, Raymond C. S.; Quek, Amy M. L.; Lim, Erle C. H. (2007-01). "Post-infectious fatigue syndrome in dengue infection". Journal of Clinical Virology: The Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology. 38 (1): 1–6. doi:10.1016/j.jcv.2006.10.011. ISSN 1386-6532. PMID 17137834. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  8. Sigera, Ponsuge C; Rajapakse, Senaka; Weeratunga, Praveen; De Silva, Nipun L; Gomes, Laksiri; Malavige, Gathsaurie N; Rodrigo, Chaturaka; Fernando, Sumadhya D (October 24, 2020). "Dengue and post-infection fatigue: findings from a prospective cohort—the Colombo Dengue Study". Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 115 (6): 669–676. doi:10.1093/trstmh/traa110. ISSN 0035-9203. PMC 9115379. PMID 33099653.
  9. Abdo, Ayman A. (2008-7). "Hepatitis C and Poor Quality of Life: Is it the Virus or the Patient?". Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology : Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association. 14 (3): 109–113. doi:10.4103/1319-3767.41727. ISSN 1319-3767. PMC 2702919. PMID 19568517. Check date values in: |date= (help)