Giardia

From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history
Jump to: navigation, search

Gardia lamblia, also known as gardia, giardia intestinalis or giardia duodenalis, is a microscopic parasite and causes the intestinal infection giardiasis.

ME/CFS[edit | edit source]

In 2004, in a region of Bergen, Norway, 1252 people were exposed to gardia lamblia through a contaminated water supply. A significant number of these subsequently developed chronic fatigue syndrome and/or irritable bowel syndrome. The Bergen outbreak of CFS has resulted in a number of long-term studies assessing the immunology of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.[1][2][3][4][5]

Notable studies[edit | edit source]

2004 Bergen outbreak

  • 2012, Immunophenotyping in post-giardiasis functional gastrointestinal disease and chronic fatigue syndrome[1] - (Full text)
  • 2013, Chronic fatigue syndrome 5 years after giardiasis: differential diagnoses, characteristics and natural course[2] - (Full text)
  • 2017, Giardia-specific cellular immune responses in post-giardiasis chronic fatigue syndrome[3] - (Full text)
  • 2017, From good health to illness with post-infectious fatigue syndrome: a qualitative study of adults’ experiences of the illness trajectory[4] - (Full text)
  • 2018, Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue 10 Years After Giardia Infection[5] - (Full text)

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.01.1 Hanevik, Kurt; Kristoffersen, Einar K.; Sørnes, Steinar; Mørch, Kristine; Næss, Halvor; Rivenes, Ann C.; Bødtker, Jørn E.; Hausken, Trygve; Langeland, Nina (Oct 14, 2012). "Immunophenotyping in post-giardiasis functional gastrointestinal disease and chronic fatigue syndrome". BMC Infectious Diseases. 12 (1): 258. doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-258. ISSN 1471-2334. PMC 3553045Freely accessible. PMID 23061432. 
  2. 2.02.1 Mørch, Kristine; Hanevik, Kurt; Rivenes, Ann C; Bødtker, Jørn E; Næss, Halvor; Stubhaug, Bjarte; Wensaas, Knut-Arne; Rørtveit, Guri; Eide, Geir E (Feb 12, 2013). "Chronic fatigue syndrome 5 years after giardiasis: differential diagnoses, characteristics and natural course". BMC Gastroenterology. 13: 28. doi:10.1186/1471-230X-13-28. ISSN 1471-230X. PMC 3598369Freely accessible. PMID 23399438. 
  3. 3.03.1 Hanevik, Kurt; Kristoffersen, Einar; Mørch, Kristine; Rye, Kristin Paulsen; Sørnes, Steinar; Svärd, Staffan; Bruserud, Øystein; Langeland, Nina (Jan 28, 2017). "Giardia-specific cellular immune responses in post-giardiasis chronic fatigue syndrome". BMC Immunology. 18 (1): 5. doi:10.1186/s12865-017-0190-3. ISSN 1471-2172. PMC 5279576Freely accessible. PMID 28129747. 
  4. 4.04.1 Stormorken, E.; Jason, L. A.; Kirkevold, M. (2017). "From good health to illness with post-infectious fatigue syndrome: a qualitative study of adults' experiences of the illness trajectory". BMC Family Practice. 18 (49). doi:10.1186/s12875-017-0614-4. 
  5. 5.05.1 Litleskare, Sverre; Rørtveit, Guri; Eide, Geir Egil; Hanevik, Kurt; Langeland, Nina; Wensaas, Knut-Arne (Jul 1, 2018). "Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue 10 Years After Giardia Infection". Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 16 (7): 1064–1072.e4. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2018.01.022. ISSN 1542-3565. 

ME/CFS - An acronym that combines myalgic encephalomyelitis with chronic fatigue syndrome. Sometimes they are combined because people have trouble distinguishing one from the other. Sometimes they are combined because people see them as synonyms of each other.

chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A fatigue-based illness. The term CFS was invented invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control as an replacement for myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). Some view CFS as a neurological disease, others use the term for any unexplained long-term fatigue. Sometimes used as a the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, despite the different diagnostic criteria.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.