The cardiovascular system, also called the circulatory system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis. It also includes includes the lymphatic system, which circulates lymph.
Autonomic nervous system dysfunction resulting in orthostatic intolerance (e.g., postural orthostatic tachycardia and orthostatic hypotension), low blood volume, preload failure and other circulatory issues are all thought to contribute to the symptoms of ME.
ME/CFS[edit | edit source]
A 2016 study in the Netherlands was the first to use contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in assessing cardiac involvement in women who have CFS. Twelve women were recruited from a specialised CFS centre who had a diagnosis of CFS based on the Fukuda criteria. Thirty-six age- and gender-matched controls were also included. The conclusions were that in patients with CFS, cardiac magnetic resonance demonstrated lower left ventricle dimensions and a mildly reduced left ventricle function. Heart wall motion abnormalities and the presence of myocardial fibrosis were observed in some CFS patients.
Reduced cardiac volumes have been associated with blood volume, but not length of disease.
A study found that blood volume is a strong physiological correlate of peak oxygen consumption in patients with CFS.
CFS patients have several risk factors for heart disease.
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
- 2007, Usefulness of an abnormal cardiovascular response during low-grade head-up tilt-test for discriminating adolescents with chronic fatigue from healthy controls. (Abstract)
- 2016, Chronic fatigue syndrome in women assessed with combined cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
- 2016, The Blood Volume Paradox in ME/CFS and POTS
- 2016, Reduced cardiac volumes in chronic fatigue syndrome associate with plasma volume but not length of disease: a cohort study
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- 2016, "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: the Small Heart Disease", Health Rising
- 2016, "Getting to the heart of chronic fatigue syndrome", Science Daily
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Miwa K., "Cardiac dysfunction and orthostatic intolerance in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis and a small left ventricle" Heart Vessels, July 2015
- Hollingsworth K.G "Impaired cardiac function in chronic fatigue syndrome measured using magnetic resonance cardiac tagging" J Intern Med 2012; 271: 264–270.
- Miwa K., Fujita M., "Cardiovascular dysfunction with low cardiac output due to a small heart in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome" Intern Med, 2009;48(21):1849-54
- Miwa K, Fujita M., "Small Heart With Low Cardiac Output for Orthostatic Intolerance in Patients With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome" Clinical Cardiology, Volume 34, Issue 12, 2011
- Olimulder, M.A.G.M.; Galjee, M.A.; Wagenaar, L.J.; van Es, J.; van der Palen, J.; Visser, F. C.; Vermeulen, R.C.W.; von Birgelen, C. (2016), "Chronic fatigue syndrome in women assessed with combined cardiac magnetic resonance imaging", Netherlands Heart Journal, doi:10.1007/s12471-016-0885-8
- Blamire, Andrew M.; MacGowan, Guy; Maclachlan, Laura; Hodgson, Tim; Frith, James; Petrides, George; Finkelmeyer, Andreas; Newton, Julia L. (Jun 1, 2016). "Reduced cardiac volumes in chronic fatigue syndrome associate with plasma volume but not length of disease: a cohort study". Open Heart. 3 (1): e000381. doi:10.1136/openhrt-2015-000381. ISSN 2053-3624.
- Farquhar, William B.; Hunt, Brian E.; Taylor, J. Andrew; Darling, Stephen E.; Freeman, Roy (Jan 1, 2002). "Blood volume and its relation to peak O2consumption and physical activity in patients with chronic fatigue". American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 282 (1): H66–H71. doi:10.1152/ajpheart.2002.282.1.H66. ISSN 0363-6135.
- Gerwin Morris, Michael Maes, see citations 12 through 27 in "Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome and encephalomyelitis disseminata/multiple sclerosis show remarkable levels of similarity in phenomenology and neuroimmune characteristics" BMC Medicine, 17 September 2013
- Michael Maes, Frank N.M. Twisk, "Why myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) may kill you: disorders in the inflammatory and oxidative and nitrosative stress (IO&NS) pathways may explain cardiovascular disorders in ME/CFS" Activitas Nervosa Superior Rediviva, 20 December 2009
- Jason LA, Corradi K, Gress S, Williams S, Torres-Harding S, "Causes of death among patients with chronic fatigue syndrome" Health Care Women Int., 27(7): 615-626. 2006
- Wyller, Vegard Bruun; Due, Reidar; Saul, J. Philip; Amlie, Jan P.; Thaulow, Erik (Apr 1, 2007). "Usefulness of an abnormal cardiovascular response during low-grade head-up tilt-test for discriminating adolescents with chronic fatigue from healthy controls". The American Journal of Cardiology. 99 (7): 997–1001. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2006.10.067. ISSN 0002-9149. PMID 17398200.
chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A controversial term, invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, that generally refers to a collection of symptoms as “fatigue”. There have been multiple attempts to come up with a set of diagnostic criteria to define this term, but few of those diagnostic criteria are currently in use. Previous attempts to define this term include the Fukuda criteria and the Oxford criteria. Some view the term as a useful diagnostic category for people with long-term fatigue of unexplained origin. Others view the term as a derogatory term borne out of animus towards patients. Some view the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, while others view myalgic encephalomyelitis as a distinct disease.