Phospholipid

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Phospholipids are a major component of cell membranes.


Glycerolphospholipids[edit | edit source]

Glycerolphospholipids are glycerol-based phospholipids and are the main structural component of cell membranes.

Examples of phospholipids include phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine.

Increased choline has been found in the certain brain structures of CFS patients, suggesting a possible increased oxidation of the cell membranes of neurons in these regions.[1][2][3] Glycerophospholipids are hydrolized by phospholipases to produce secondary messengers called eicosanoids.[citation needed]

Alterations in glycerophospholipid have been reported in neurological disorders. These alterations result in changes in membrane fluidity and permeability.[citation needed]


Phosphatidylcholine[edit | edit source]

Increased choline has been found in the certain brain structures of CFS patients, suggesting a possible increased oxidation of the cell membranes of neurons in these regions.[4][5][6]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

<references>

cell membrane - A very thin membrane, composed of lipids and protein, that surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell and controls the passage of substances into and out of the cell.

membrane - The word "membrane" can have different meanings in different fields of biology. In cell biology, a membrane is a layer of molecules that surround its contents. Examples of cell-biology membranes include the "cell membrane" that surrounds a cell, the "mitochondrial membranes" that form the outer layers of mitochondria, and the "viral envelope" that surrounds enveloped viruses. In anatomy or tissue biology, a membrane is a barrier formed by a layer of cells. Examples of anatomical membranes include the pleural membranes that surrounds the lungs, the pericardium which surrounds the heart, and some of the layers within the blood-brain barrier.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.