Personality traits and patient attitudes in ME/CFS
A number of different personality traits and attitudes have been proposed as possible risk factors, and/or perpetuating factors in people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome, for example perfectionism.
Theory[edit | edit source]
Evidence[edit | edit source]
Perfectionism[edit | edit source]
Personality traits[edit | edit source]
Personality disorders[edit | edit source]
Attitudes towards mental illness[edit | edit source]
Wood and Wessely researched attitudes towards mental illness and personality traits in people with chronic fatigue syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis in 1999, finding that attitudes towards mental illness are were about the same in both groups of patients.
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
- 1995, Does high 'action-proneness' make people more vulnerable to chronic fatigue syndrome?(Full text)
- 2007, Personality and chronic fatigue syndrome: methodological and conceptual issues(Full text) - a summary of other findings
- 2013, Prevalence of DSM-IV Personality Disorders in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Controlled Study(Abstract)
Letters, interviews and newspaper coverage[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Wood, B.; Wessely, S. (Oct 1999). "Personality and social attitudes in chronic fatigue syndrome". Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 47 (4): 385–397. ISSN 0022-3999. PMID 10616232.
- Van Houdenhove, B.; Onghena, P.; Neerinckx, E.; Hellin, J. (Jul 1995). "Does high 'action-proneness' make people more vulnerable to chronic fatigue syndrome? A controlled psychometric study". Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 39 (5): 633–640. ISSN 0022-3999. PMID 7490698.
- Kempke, Stefan; Van Den Eede, Filip; Schotte, Chris; Claes, Stephan; Van Wambeke, Peter; Van Houdenhove, Boudewijn; Luyten, Patrick (Jun 1, 2013). "Prevalence of DSM-IV Personality Disorders in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Controlled Study". International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 20 (2): 219–228. doi:10.1007/s12529-012-9273-y. ISSN 1532-7558.
- van Geelen, Stefan M.; Sinnema, Gerben; Hermans, Hubert J. M.; Kuis, Wietse (Dec 1, 2007). "Personality and chronic fatigue syndrome: Methodological and conceptual issues". Clinical Psychology Review. 27 (8): 885–903. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2007.01.010. ISSN 0272-7358.
Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.