Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: History, Diagnostic Criteria, and Prevalence
|Author||Mary Gloria C. Njoku|
|Subject||Epidemiology, history of medicine|
Myalgic, Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: History, Diagnostic Criteria and Prevalence, by Mary Gloria C. Njoku, with a foreword by Leonard Jason, is an ebook published in 2016 that briefly covers several areas:
- an overview of the history from the 1800s to present;
- different definitions and diagnostic criteria such as Ramsey (1981), Holmes (1988), Oxford (1991), Australian definition (1990), Fukuda (1994), Canadian Definition (2003), International Consensus Definition (2011), and the Institute of Medicine, 2015;
- fatigue prevalence across varied continents (Africa, North America, South America, Australia/Oceania, and Europe); and
- pediatric epidemiology.
Publisher's synopsis[edit | edit source]
(This synopsis was provided by the publisher for promotional purposes. For book reviews, please see Links section below.)
This work is a comprehensive review of myalgic encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) studies that were conducted with both community-based and hospital-based samples. A review of the prevalence of fatiguing illnesses in varied countries of the world shows evidence that the rates of fatigue and its syndromes vary across settings and countries, and that the methodology used impacts findings. Studies have also shown the presence of a severe and disabling form of fatigue that affects the ability of individuals to engage in normal occupational, educational, social and personal daily activities.
The history, definition and research findings in ME/CFS are presented to promote an understanding of the work that has been accomplished in this research area in varied continents of the world. It is hoped that some of the issues addressed in this work will help people to better understand ME/CFS and fatiguing illnesses reported in varied countries. Perhaps, the understanding that ME/CFS is a global condition might encourage both scientists and practitioners to work towards streamlining the definition and diagnostic criteria to strengthen work in this area and ultimately improve the treatment of persons with ME/CFS.
Links[edit | edit source]
- ME/CFS: History, Diagnostic Criteria and Prevalence - Amazon (US)
- ME/CFS: History, Diagnostic Criteria and Prevalence - Amazon (UK)
References[edit | edit source]
myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.
chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A controversial term, invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, that generally refers to a collection of symptoms as “fatigue”. There have been multiple attempts to come up with a set of diagnostic criteria to define this term, but few of those diagnostic criteria are currently in use. Previous attempts to define this term include the Fukuda criteria and the Oxford criteria. Some view the term as a useful diagnostic category for people with long-term fatigue of unexplained origin. Others view the term as a derogatory term borne out of animus towards patients. Some view the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, while others view myalgic encephalomyelitis as a distinct disease.