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Epinephrine (adrenaline) is both a hormone and a neurotransmitter.[1] Epinephrine is a vasoconstrictor and cardiac stimulatant, and is automatically produced in reaction to shock or fear.[1][2]

Epinephrine is the active ingredient in 'EpiPens, which are used to treat anaphylaxis (severe allergic reactions) that may occur in people with allergies, mast cell activation syndrome (MCAS) or mast cell activation disorder (MCAD).[2] Epinephrine is also used to treat anaphylaxis caused by exercise or low blood pressure caused by septic shock.[3]

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  1. 1.01.1 "Adrenal gland hormones". Canadian Cancer Society. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  2. 2.02.1 "Epinephrine". drugs.com. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  3. "Epinephrine Injection". drugs.com. Retrieved February 16, 2021.

anaphylaxis "an often severe and sometimes fatal systemic reaction in a susceptible individual upon exposure to a specific antigen (such as wasp venom or penicillin) after previous sensitization". Typically causes breathing problems, fainting or loss of consciousness, fast heartbeat, itching, and hives. (Learn more: www.nhs.uk)

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.