Benign myalgic encephalomyelitis controversy[edit | edit source]
In 1970, with psychiatrist Colin McEvedy, Bill Beard published an influential study of 15 epidemics of myalgic encephalomyelitis, then known as benign myalgic encephalomyelitis, concluding that the illness was the result of psychosocial phenomena, and caused by either "mass hysteria on the part of patients" or "altered medical perception of the community".
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- History of myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome
- Colin McEvedy
- Epidemic myalgic encephalomyelitis
Learn more[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "Obituary: A W Beard" (PDF). BMJ : British Medical Journal. 302 (6791): 1532. June 22, 1991. ISSN 0959-8138. PMC 1670186.
- Hill, OW (1992). "Biography: Alfred William Beard". Royal College of Psychiatrists. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- McEvedy, CP; Beard, AW. "Concept of Benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis". British Medical Journal. 1 (5687): 11–5. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.5687.11. PMC 1700895. PMID 5411596.
myalgic encephalomyelitis (M.E.) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.