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Research[edit | edit source]

Minimal studies on ME/CFS have been done in Finland. A few insurance doctors like Antero Leppävuori and Kyösti Haukipuro have published error-ridden review articles in Finnish.[citation needed]

Researchers[edit | edit source]

Medical guidelines[edit | edit source]

There are no official guidelines for treating ME/CFS in Finland.

CBT/GET[edit | edit source]

GET does not exist in Finland as such, though patients are often recommended exercise and sometimes psychotherapy.

National health department[edit | edit source]

Social security and disability benefits[edit | edit source]

It used to be impossible to get disability benefits for WHO ICD-10 diagnosis code G93.3. In the recent years some patients have succeeded, but it is still extremely rare. Most disabled patients apply for benefits with psychiatric diagnoses, such as major depression, even if they are not depressed. Doctors giving people a diagnosis of depression fully knowing it to be incorrect is basically a standard of care, though this is never discussed in the public.[citation needed]

Access to care[edit | edit source]

There is only one CFS/ME expert in Finland, Olli Polo (pulmonologist, sleep specialist, docent in physiology) in Tampere. He has been treating ME/CFS patients since 2006. About half a dozen other doctors also treat the illness.

The infectious disease clinic at Helsinki university hospital used to treat ME/CFS from about 2005 to 2010, led by the former doctor-in-chief Ville Valtonen, who would prescribe prednisone, doxycycline and IVIG, occasionally also antivirals. After Valtonen retired from his post the clinic first moved to more psychosomatic approaches and nowadays usually refuse referrals for ME/CFS.

Clinicians[edit | edit source]

Patient groups[edit | edit source]

Notable patients[edit | edit source]

Books[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) - A type of psychotherapy geared toward modifying alleged unhealthy thinking, behaviors or illness beliefs. One of the treatment arms used in the controversial PACE trial.

graded exercise therapy (GET) - A gradual increase in exercise or activity, according to a pre-defined plan. Focuses on overcoming the patient's alleged unhelpful illness beliefs that exertion can exacerbate symptoms, rather than on reversing physical deconditioning. Considered controversial, and possibly harmful, in the treatment or management of ME. One of the treatment arms of the controversial PACE trial.

World Health Organization (WHO) - "A specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations." The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is maintained by WHO.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD) - A system of medical diagnostic codes, created by the World Health Organization (WHO), to classify diseases and other health related conditions for the purpose of international diagnostic consistency. By having common diagnostic codes around the world, health researchers are better able to quantify and track disease burdens. The most current version is called ICD-11. (Learn more:

physiological Concerning living organisms, such as cells or the human body.  Physio logical (as in physio) is not to be confused with psych ological (emotional stress).

somatic symptom disorder A psychiatric term to describe an alleged condition whereby a person's thoughts somehow cause physical symptoms. The actual existence of such a condition is highly controversial, due to a lack of scientific evidence. It is related to other psychiatric terms, such as "psychosomatic", "neurasthenia", and "hysteria". Older terms include "somatization", "somatoform disorder", and "conversion disorder". Such terms refer to a scientifically-unsupported theory that claims that a wide range of physical symptoms can be created by the human mind, a theory which has been criticized as "mind over matter" parapsychology, a pseudoscience.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.