Brian M. Hughes, Ph.D., is a specialist in stress psychophysiology and a Professor of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. He has written methodological critiques of the PACE Trial and other ME research, as well as conducting empirical research on treatment harm in National Health Service specialist ME centres in England. He is a member of the Science Advisory Board of DecodeME, a UK-based study to investigate DNA profiles of people with myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome. He is also a member of the Republic of Ireland's National Working Group on ME, administered by Ireland's Health Service Executive, and an Advisor to the Northern Irish charity, Hope 4 ME & Fibro NI. In 2021, he was made an Honorary Fellow of the advocacy group, Doctors With ME.
Hughes's work specialises in stress psychophysiology, health psychology, the public understanding of psychology and science, and the application of psychology to social issues. A prominent advocate for scientific psychology, evidence-based policy, and the role of psychology in society, he writes widely on the psychology of empiricism and of empirically disputable claims, especially as they pertain to science, health, medicine, and politics.
He is currently chairing a global research team on behalf of the International Prader-Willi Syndrome Organisation (IPWSO). He is Associate Editor of the International Journal of Psychophysiology and a member of the inaugural Editorial Board of J-STAR: Journal of Stress, Trauma, Anxiety and Resilience. From 2014 to 2016 he served as President of the International Stress and Anxiety Research Society. A past President of the Psychological Society of Ireland, he currently sits on the PSI's Science and Public Policy Committee.
Education[edit | edit source]
- 1993, B.A. degree in Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway
- 1998, Ph.D. degree in Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway
- 2009, Ed.M. degree in Science Education, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, US
Relevant Books[edit | edit source]
- 2018, Psychology in Crisis
- 2016, Rethinking Psychology: Good Science, Bad Science, Pseudoscience
Talks and interviews on ME/CFS[edit | edit source]
- October 2018, Invited lecture, Hope 4 ME & Fibro NI, Newry, Northern Ireland; Speech title: The PACE Trial and Psychology’s Crisis
- September 2019, Interview on 'Psychology in Crisis', 'Medical Error Interviews' podcast
- September 2019, Keynote Lecture, Hope 4 ME & Fibro NI Annual Conference, Belfast, Northern Ireland; Speech title: Off the PACE and not NICE: Challenges facing evidence-based practice in ME/CFS
- September 2019, Interview for the film 'Understanding Graded Exercise Therapy for ME/CFS: The PACE Trial', part of the series Dialogues for a Neglected Illness by Natalie Boulton and Josh Biggs
- October 2019, Keynote Lecture, Sheffield ME and Fibromyalgia Group Autumn Conference, Sheffield, UK; Speech title: Controversies and cock-ups in ME research: The role of human failings
- February 2020, Interview for the film 'Introduction to ME/CFS', part of the series Dialogues for a Neglected Illness by Natalie Boulton and Josh Biggs
- August 2021, Panel discussion, 'The Psychologisation of Illness | Why Long Covid (and ME/CFS) Are Not 'Just Anxiety'', produced by Gez Medinger
- August 2021, Panel discussion, 'The Psychologisation of Illness | Part 2 - How to Deal With It', produced by Gez Medinger
Articles on ME/CFS[edit | edit source]
- 2019, If you spend 20 years gaslighting your patients, perhaps you should think twice before accusing *them* of trolling *you*
- 2019, The HRA report does not exonerate the PACE trial, it merely confirms that its Research Ethics approval was in order
- 2019, The BMJ’s ambiguous editorial commitment to scientific rigour
- 2019, Het HRA-rapport spreekt de PACE-studie niet vrij: Het bevestigt enkel dat de REC-goedkeuring in orde was (Dutch)
- 2020, Post-Covid syndrome, Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, and the recurring pseudoscience of mass hysteria
- 2020, Postcovidsyndroom, Myalgische Encefalomyelitis en de steeds terugkerende pseudowetenschap van de massahysterie (Dutch)
- 2020, Two takes on the expensive, unproven, and childishly-named quackery known as the Lightning Process
- 2020, Could this actually be happening?
- 2020, No More Mr NICE Guy…
- 2020, No More Mr NICE Guy... (Dutch)
- 2020, Expert reaction to the BMJ editorial calling for the abandonment of standards
- 2020, Letter to the BMJ
- 2021, Beware the COVID-sceptic doctors
- 2021, Apart from the sampling ambiguity, weak measurement, survivor bias, missing data, and lack of control group, the study wasn’t that bad
- 2021, Off the PACE and not NICE
- 2021, All Aboard the Long COVID gravy train
- 2021, Some psychiatrists still not getting it
- 2021, Our response to that controversial study on CBT outcomes in chronic fatigue has now been formally published
- 2021, Time to flatten the curve of shoddy COVID scholarship
- 2021, Monitoring treatment harm in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: A freedom-of-information study of National Health Service specialist centres in England - (Abstract)
- 2021, Paradigm Lost: Lessons For Long COVID-19 From A Changing Approach To Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- 2021, Paradigm Lost: Lessons for Long COVID
- 2021, Is it just me, or is the BMJ’s take on those NICE guideline committee resignations maybe a little biased?
- 2021, How illnesses become psychologised: Long COVID, ME, and the ‘All-In-Your-Head’ cartel
- 2021, Journalists covering ME/CFS: Don’t ask about the new NICE guideline, ask about the old one
Online presence[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- PACE Trial
- Hope 4 ME & Fibro Northern Ireland
- ME activists and advocates
- Ethical issues
- Medical gaslighting
Learn more[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "Brian Hughes CV, NUI Galway" (PDF). www.nuigalway.ie. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
- McPhee, Graham; Baldwin, Adrian; Kindlon, Tom; Hughes, Brian M (2021). "Monitoring treatment harm in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: A freedom-of-information study of National Health Service specialist centres in England". Journal of Health Psychology. 26 (7): 975–984. doi:10.1177/1359105319854532. ISSN 1359-1053.
- "DecodeME About Us".
- "Hope 4 ME & Fibro Northern Ireland - Announcements Page". www.facebook.com. Retrieved August 29, 2020.
- "Honorary Fellows". Doctors With ME. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
- "Staff Profiles - NUI Galway". www.nuigalway.ie. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- "IPWSO Research".
- International Journal of Psychophysiology Editorial Board.
- "Editorial Team | Journal of Stress, Trauma, Anxiety, and Resilience (J-STAR)". journal.beta.star-society.org. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- "Officers of STAR – Stress and Anxiety Research Society". Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- "Past Presidents | PSI". www.psychologicalsociety.ie. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- "About | The Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI)". www.psychologicalsociety.ie. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- "Brian M. Hughes CV" (PDF). Retrieved August 29, 2020.
- Hughes, Brian M. (2018). Psychology in crisis. London. ISBN 1352003007. OCLC 1027144538.
- Hughes, Brian. Rethinking psychology : good science, bad science, pseudoscience. London. ISBN 978-1-137-30394-3. OCLC 935784520.
myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.
stress Stress can by either physical or psychological, or both. Stress is either 1) a state of emotional or psychological strain or 2) the physical stress (pressure or tension) that a physical object such the human body is placed under, e.g., a stress test is a medical test that monitors the cardiovascular system during strenuous exercise.
β β / Β. Greek letter beta (symbol), equivalent to "b".