1936 Fond-du-Lac outbreak
Onset[edit | edit source]
An early recorded outbreak of ME was in Fond-du-Lac, Wisconsin, US. Recorded by the US Public Health Service, the outbreak struck Saint Agnes Convent and was recorded as "encephalitis". Fifty-three people were infected, all novices and convent candidates.
Symptoms[edit | edit source]
Findings[edit | edit source]
Epidemiology[edit | edit source]
Prognosis[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- Epidemic myalgic encephalomyelitis
- List of myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome outbreaks
References[edit | edit source]
- 1936 Fond-du-Lac, Wisconsin, US Armstong G Report to the Surgeon General, US Public Health Service of the investigation of anoutbreak of “Encephalitis” in the St. Agnes Convent, Fond-du-Lac, Wisconsin, 1936.
- Hyde, Byron (1992). The Clinical and scientific basis of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. Ogdensburg, NY: Nightingale Research Foundation. pp. X. ISBN 0969566204.
- Patarca-Montero, Roberto (2004). Medical Etiology, Assessment, and Treatment of Chronic Fatigue and Malaise. Haworth Press. pp. 6–7. ISBN 078902196X.
myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.
chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A fatigue-based illness. The term CFS was invented invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control as an replacement for myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). Some view CFS as a neurological disease, others use the term for any unexplained long-term fatigue. Sometimes used as a the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, despite the different diagnostic criteria.