Severe acute respiratory syndrome
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS is a respiratory viral infection caused by the highly Infectious SARS-CoV coronavirus. It is a potentially deadly illness that quickly spread around the world in 2003, infecting around 8,000 people, with 9.6% of those infected dying. SARS causes flu-like symptoms.
Symptoms[edit | edit source]
Symptoms are similar to the flu.
About 1 in 5 people with SARS may also get diarrhea.
Symptoms Can Worsen Fast
A dry cough can develop 2 to 7 days into the illness. This cough can keep the body from getting enough oxygen. 1 in 10 people with SARS will need a machine to help them breathe.
Can Lead to Other Health Problems
- heart failure
- liver failure
Methods of transmission[edit | edit source]
Post-SARS syndrome[edit | edit source]
The name post-SARS syndrome or Chronic post-SARS was proposed by Moldofsky et al. (2011) to describe those survivors of the 2003 SARS outbreak who remained too ill to work 8 years later. Moldofsky's described post-SARS syndrome as similar to fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome, better known as ME/CFS. Post-SARS syndrome was described as chronic (lasting over 6 months), with persistent fatigue, widespread muscle pain, weakness, depression, and unrefreshing sleep with sleep apneas/hypopneas, sleep EEG abnormalities, post-sleep fatigue and post sleep sleepiness. An earlier study found that 27% of hospitalized SARS survivors in Hong Kong met the criteria for ME/CFS six years later, with the illness appearing immediately after patients contacted SARS.
ME/CFS[edit | edit source]
Lam et al. (2009) conducted a large long-term follow up of people needing hospital treatment for SARS in Hong Kong, and found that 40% reported chronic fatigue, and 27% of them and met the CDC's criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome, sometimes called ME/CFS, one year after recovery from SARS. This study found that the use of corticosteroids (steroids) in treating SARS was not associated with an increased likelihood of chronic fatigue, and the high rates of psychiatric problems did not explain high rates of chronic fatigue.
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
- 2011, Chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, depression and disordered sleep in chronic post-SARS syndrome; a case-controlled study - (Full text)
- 2010, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and Coronavirus - (Full text)
- 2004, Pulmonary function and exercise capacity in survivors of severe acute respiratory syndrome (Full text)
- 2009, Mental Morbidities and Chronic Fatigue in Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Survivors: Long-term Follow-up - (Full text)
- 2003, Consensus document on the epidemiology of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) - (Full text)
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- SARS: The Outbreak (2003) YouTube
See also[edit | edit source]
- Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- 2003 Hong Kong outbreak
- Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19)
- Postviral fatigue syndrome
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
References[edit | edit source]
- Warnes, Sarah L.; Little, Zoë R.; Keevil, C. William (Nov 10, 2015). "Human Coronavirus 229E Remains Infectious on Common Touch Surface Materials". mBio. 6 (6). doi:10.1128/mBio.01697-15. ISSN 2150-7511. PMC . PMID 26556276.
- Hui, David S.C.; Chan, Paul K.S. (Sep 2010). "Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and Coronavirus". Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 24 (3): 619–638. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2010.04.009. ISSN 0891-5520. PMC . PMID 20674795.
- Xiao, Shenglan; Li, Yuguo; Wong, Tze-wai; Hui, David S. C. (Jul 20, 2017). "Role of fomites in SARS transmission during the largest hospital outbreak in Hong Kong". PLOS ONE. 12 (7): e0181558. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0181558. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC . PMID 28727803.
- "SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment". WebMD. Retrieved Mar 28, 2020.
- Moldofsky, Harvey; Patcai, John (Mar 24, 2011). "Chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, depression and disordered sleep in chronic post-SARS syndrome; a case-controlled study". BMC Neurology. 11 (1): 37. doi:10.1186/1471-2377-11-37. ISSN 1471-2377. PMC . PMID 21435231.
- Lam, Marco Ho-Bun; Wing, Yun-Kwok; Yu, Mandy Wai-Man; Leung, Chi-Ming; Ma, Ronald C. W.; Kong, Alice P. S.; So, W. Y.; Fong, Samson Yat-Yuk; Lam, Siu-Ping (Dec 14, 2009). "Mental Morbidities and Chronic Fatigue in Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Survivors: Long-term Follow-up". Archives of Internal Medicine. 169 (22): 2142–2147. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2009.384. ISSN 0003-9926.
- World Health Organization (2003). "Consensus document on the epidemiology of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). No. WHO/CDS/CSR/GAR/2003.11" (PDF). World Health Organization.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is a U.S. government agency dedicated to epidemiology and public health. It operates under the auspices of the Department of Health and Human Services.
World Health Organization (WHO) - "A specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations." The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is maintained by WHO. (Learn more: en.wikipedia.org)