From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history

Pseudoscience has been defined as "[t]heories, ideas, explanations that are represented as scientific but that are not derived from science or the scientific method."[1]

Examples[edit | edit source]

Typical examples of pseudoscience are:

  • Astrology:
The belief that the positions of stars and planets can be used to predict human affairs and events on Earth[2]
  • Numerology:
The study of numbers connected to a person, such as the numbers that form their date of birth or numbers derived from the letters of their name, have an important influence on the person's life and their future.[3]

Origins[edit | edit source]

Pseudoscientific theories often have origins in folk lore or "ancient" wisdom, or in selective reading without any data collection or validation to establish whether a theory is accurate.[1]

Pseudoscience often uses statements that are "vague and variable", and unlike scientific statements they are not given in a way that allows them to be falsifiable (meaning, there is no clear observation or experiment that could be used to disprove it).[1]

Contradictory evidence[edit | edit source]

Pseudoscience provides no room for challenge typically dismisses any contradictory evidence - rather than either investigating it, considering alternative theories, or adapting the original theory.[1]

While pseudoscience often uses scientific terms it is not based on a clear foundation of existing scientific knowledge. Pseudoscience often involves falsely presenting "a claim, belief, or opinion" as if is falsely presented as a valid scientific theory or fact.[1]

Mind-body therapies[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Bell, Suzanne (2009). The Facts on File Dictionary of Forensic Science. Infobase Publishing. p. 208. ISBN 978-1-4381-0944-2.
  2. "Definition of ASTROLOGY". Merrian-Webster dictionary. Retrieved November 20, 2021.
  3. Basavanna, M. (2000). Dictionary of Psychology. Allied Publishers. ISBN 978-81-7764-030-4.