Many families of viruses can develop persistent infections in human hosts. These infections have been linked to a wide range of medical conditions including autoimmune diseases such as Lupus, X and X.
Detection[edit | edit source]
Many persistent infections cannot be detected by standard blood tests.
Herpesviruses[edit | edit source]Herpesviruses are very common viruses that all establish latent infection in human hosts. Many have been implicated in chronic and neurogenerative diseases, both with and without replication.
Epstein-Barr virus has been associated with a wide number of immune diseases including multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus,Chronic fatigue syndrome, and myasthenia gravis. EBV was recently discovered to turn on "risk genes" for autoimmune disease in the cells it infects. EBNA2, a protein produced by EBV-infected cells, and its related transcription factors activate half the human genes known to be associated with the risk for lupus as well as genes associated with several other autoimmune diseases including multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, type 1 diabetes, juvenile idiopathic arthritis and celiac disease. EBV activation can thus increase the risk of developing these diseases.
Enteroviruses[edit | edit source]
Flaviviruses[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Lossius, Andreas (December 2012). "Epstein-Barr Virus in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Multiple Sclerosis—Association and Causation". Virus.
- "Epstein-Barr virus protein can "switch on" risk genes for autoimmune diseases". National Institutes of Health. April 16, 2018.
enterovirus A genus of RNA viruses which typically enter the body through the respiratory or gastrointestinal systems and sometimes spread to the central nervous system or other parts of the body, causing neurological, cardiac, and other damage. Since the first reports of myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), enteroviruses have been suspected as a cause of ME. Enteroviruses have also been implicated as the cause of Type I diabetes, congestive heart failure, and other conditions. Enteroviruses include poliovirus, coxsackieviruses, and many others. New enteroviruses and new strains of existing enteroviruses are continuously being discovered. (Learn more: viralzone.expasy.org)