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Zofin or Organicell Flow is an unapproved treatment that has been used on a number of patients severely ill with long-lasting COVID-19 symptoms under a compassionate use authorization.[1][2] Zofin is a biological product derived from the human amniotic fluid (HAF) donated from the births of healthy, newborn babies; it is administered by intravenous infusion.

Zofin is produced by the company Organicell which states that it "contains over 300 growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines as well as other extracellular vesicles/nanoparticles derived from amniotic stem and epithelial cells" including the proteins CD63, CD81, and CD9 in addition to high expression of CD133.[1]

Theory[edit | edit source]

According to Organicell, pro-inflammatory cytokines believed to be targeted by Zofin include tumor necrosis factor (TNF), IL-6, and IL-8, and published research states that targeting these may "reduce the severity of symptoms associated with elevated immune response".[1]

Theory[edit | edit source]

Evidence[edit | edit source]

Clinicians[edit | edit source]

Risks and safety[edit | edit source]

Zofin has not yet been approved for use and clinical trials remain ongoing.[3]

Risks, side effects and safety are largely unknown.

Costs and availability[edit | edit source]

Zofin is not yet an approved drug and availability is limited to special authorizations.

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

extracellular vesicle An extracellular vesicle (sometimes abbreviated EV) is a piece of a cell that has broken off and formed a separate membrane-bound vesicle. A membrane-bound vesicle is like a bubble, or like a mini-cell, in that it has a membrane surrounding some liquid. An extracellular vesicle may also contain some parts of the cell from which the extracellular vesicle arose. There are currently two types of extracellular vesicles: "exosomes" and "microvesicles". An "exosome" is an extracellular vesicle that began inside the cell as an intracellular vesicle known as an "endosome". A "microvesicle" is an extracellular vesicle that begins at the cell surface, and pinches off the cell's own membrane to form a separate vesicle. (Learn more: journals.physiology.org)

cytokine any class of immunoregulatory proteins secreted by cells, especially immune cells. Cytokines are small proteins important in cell signaling that modulate the immune system. (Learn more: me-pedia.org)

adverse reaction Any unintended or unwanted response to a treatment, whether in a clinical trial or licensed treatment. May be minor or serious.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.