The spinal cord has three layers of protection called meninges. Dura mater: the tough (durable) outer layer. Arachnoid mater: called this because it has a spider-web/leggy appearance. Pia mater (soft mother): a very delicate layer that attaches to the spinal cord and follows the contours of the cord or brain.
There’s also 3 spaces: Subarachnoid: deep to the arachnoid mater that contains cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Subdural: a potential space below the dura mater. Epidural: Fat.
Spinal cord and ME[edit | edit source]
ME patient autopsies have shown changes to the spinal cord[edit | edit source]
- Sophia Mirza's autopsy showed her spine contained massive infection. (Note: Sophia's Death Notice has her death due to CFS)
- Lynn Gilderdale had ganglionitis which is an inflammation of dorsal root ganglia of her spine, typical for a neurological illness.
- Merryn Crofts's autopsy showed she had ganglionitis.
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- 2-Minute Neuroscience: Spinal Cord Cross-section
- 2-Minute Neuroscience: Exterior of the Spinal Cord
- Spinal nerve
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "Scientists create new map of brain's immune system". ScienceDaily. Feb 19, 2019. Retrieved Mar 31, 2019.
- "Brain immune system is key to recovery from motor neuron degeneration: Results in study point to new approaches for ALS therapy". ScienceDaily. Feb 20, 2018. Retrieved Mar 31, 2019.
- "An interconnection between the nervous and immune system: Neuroendocrine reflex triggers infections". ScienceDaily. Sep 29, 2017. Retrieved Mar 31, 2019.
- Hooper, Malcolm (Feb 2005). "Invest in ME Research - The Terminology of ME & CFS". www.investinme.org. Retrieved Aug 13, 2018.
- "encephalomyelitis". TheFreeDictionary.com. Retrieved Aug 12, 2018.
- "myel-". TheFreeDictionary.com. Retrieved Aug 12, 2018.
- "Itis". TheFreeDictionary.com. Retrieved Aug 12, 2018.
- "2-Minute Neuroscience: Spinal Cord Cross-section". YouTube. Neuroscientifically Challenged. Feb 28, 2015.
- "2-Minute Neuroscience: Exterior of the Spinal Cord". YouTube. Neuroscientifically Challenged. Feb 21, 2015.
- "Spinal nerve". Wikipedia.
myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.