Medical marijuana

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dried blackberry marijuana labelled for medical use
Cannabis indica labelled for medical use only

Medical marijuana or medical cannabis refers to the use of cannabis or derivatives of cannabis plants to treat medical illnesses or reduce symptoms.[1] Medical marijuana typically contains both CBD and THC, which are two of the many biologically active substances found in cannabis.[2][3] CBD, which is not intoxicating or addictive, can also be produced from hemp plants, and is often marketed as CBD oil and sold legally as a without needing a perscription.[1][citation needed]

Evidence[edit | edit source]

marijuana leaf icon black

A review by Whiting et al. (2015) found moderate evidence that medical use of cannabis can help with chronic pain, but this review did not look at pain in ME/CFS.[4]

Limited evidence is available for the use of cannabis or medical marijuana in people with fibromyalgia.[5][6]

Notable studies[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.01.1 "Definition of MEDICAL MARIJUANA". Retrieved Apr 11, 2019. 
  2. "Definition of THC". Retrieved Apr 11, 2019. 
  3. "Definition of CBD". Retrieved Apr 11, 2019. 
  4. Whiting, Penny F.; Wolff, Robert F.; Deshpande, Sohan; Di Nisio, Marcello; Duffy, Steven; Hernandez, Adrian V.; Keurentjes, J. Christiaan; Lang, Shona; Misso, Kate (Jun 23, 2015). "Cannabinoids for Medical Use". JAMA. 313 (24): 2456. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6358. ISSN 0098-7484. 
  5. 5.05.1 Farré, Magí; Carbonell, Jordi; Capellà, Dolors; Durán, Marta; Fiz, Jimena (Apr 21, 2011). "Cannabis Use in Patients with Fibromyalgia: Effect on Symptoms Relief and Health-Related Quality of Life". PLOS ONE. 6 (4): e18440. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018440. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3080871Freely accessible. PMID 21533029. 
  6. 6.06.1 van de Donk, Tine; Niesters, Marieke; Kowal, Mikael A.; Olofsen, Erik; Dahan, Albert; van Velzen, Monique (Apr 2019). "An experimental randomized study on the analgesic effects of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis in chronic pain patients with fibromyalgia". PAIN. 160 (4): 860. doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001464. ISSN 0304-3959. 
  7. Ryan, Duncan; Drysdale, Alison J.; Lafourcade, Carlos; Pertwee, Roger G.; Platt, Bettina (Feb 18, 2009), "Cannabidiol targets mitochondria to regulate intracellular Ca2+ levels", The Journal of Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 29 (7): 2053–2063, doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4212-08.2009, ISSN 1529-2401, PMID 19228959 
  8. Jadoon, Khalid A.; Ratcliffe, Stuart H.; Barrett, David A.; Thomas, E. Louise; Stott, Colin; Bell, Jimmy D.; O’Sullivan, Saoirse E.; Tan, Garry D. (Aug 29, 2016), "Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabivarin on Glycemic and Lipid Parameters in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Pilot Study", Diabetes Care: American Diabetes Association, 39 (10): 1777–86, doi:10.2337/dc16-0650 

ME/CFS - An acronym that combines myalgic encephalomyelitis with chronic fatigue syndrome. Sometimes they are combined because people have trouble distinguishing one from the other. Sometimes they are combined because people see them as synonyms of each other.

mitochondria - Important parts of the biological cell, with each mitochondrion encased within a mitochondrial membrane. Mitochondria are best known for their role in energy production, earning them the nickname "the powerhouse of the cell". Mitochondria also participate in the detection of threats and the response to these threats. One of the responses to threats orchestrated by mitochondria is apoptosis, a cell suicide program used by cells when the threat can not be eliminated.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.