Lightning Process

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The Lightning Process is a psychological intervention created by Phil Parker that has been promoted to myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome patients as a cure. It gets its name because it is supposed to cure in three days.[1]

Overview[edit | edit source]

The Lightning Process claims to be a combination of neurolinguistic programming (NLP) and osteopathy. The content of the process is copyrighted but according to patient reports involves affirmations and counteracting negative thoughts:[2]

"You ask yourself if you want to choose happiness. Which you obviously do and then you say how fantastic you are to have stopped the negativity thought. You ask yourself what you really want, then you answer yourself, and again ask yourself how you are going to get there. The answer of course is to keep doing the process, getting rid of those negative thoughts. Then you tell yourself how great you are again and maybe have a bit of a hug with yourself, then…….. no nothing, that’s it."

The cost is between £695 and £1,997 for a three day course with additional sessions up to £250 an hour. (September 2016 rates) [3]

Evidence[edit | edit source]

The Lightning Process has not been tested with any randomized, controlled trials.

Anecdotal evidence[edit | edit source]

According to a national survey by the Norwegian ME Association (2012), Lightning Process is one of the treatments that has done the most harm to patients. 50% of the participants reported that LP had made their condition worse, 25% seriously worse. 30% reported that LP had no effect on symptoms.[4]

Studies with ME/CFS[edit | edit source]

King's College London Study[edit | edit source]

A small non-randomised qualitative study took place at King's College London, reporting in 2012. The study was conducted by Trudie Chalder and Nicola Archer with Silje Endresen Reme of Harvard University. Nine Participants aged 14 to 26 were recruited through advertisements. They were interviewed after undergoing the process along with three of their parents.[5].

Seven participants reported being satisfied with two as dissatisfied. The intensity and poor follow up were criticised by participants along with the secrecy surrounding it and feelings of guilt and blame if the treatment did not work.

SMILE trial[edit | edit source]

The Smile study protocol[6]

Criticisms[edit | edit source]

John Greensmith criticised the programme as a costly pyramid scheme noting that people who train in the process frequently go on to become practitioners themselves.<existing CBC citation>

Psychologist James Coyne has described the Lightning Process as "quackery backed by pseudoscientific theory".[7]

Some patients critique the Lightning Process for its high cost, lack of evidence, and the pressure placed on participants if they do not improve.[8]

SMILE trial

In a joint statement in August 2010, the ME Association and the Young ME Sufferers Trust called the SMILE study "unethical" saying, "The ME Association and The Young ME Sufferers Trust do not believe that it is ethically right to use children in trialling an unproven and controversial process such as the Lightning Process."[9]

Invest in ME in a letter to the National Research Ethics Committee (NRES) described the process as "rather like CBT but with bullying and risks of harm."[10]

Professor Robin Gill, a member of the BMA medical ethics committee, wrote to the Church Times about the LP and the SMILE trial. He expressed concern about the issue of coercion of children in the trial.[11]

Controversy[edit | edit source]

British Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) ruling[edit | edit source]

In 2012 the British Advertising Standards Authority ruled against an claims on the Lightning Process (LP) website.[12]

The ASA upheld a complaint from Hampshire County Council trading standards made about false claims about the use and effectiveness of LP on ME/CFS. The claims were that "Our survey found that 81.3%* of clients report that they no longer have the issues they came with by day three of the LP course", which the complainant stated "misleadingly implied that the Lightning Process could treat or cure CFS/ME."

The ASA noted, "the website breached CAP Code (Edition 12) rules 3.1 (Misleading advertising), 3.7 (Substantiation) and 12.1 (Medicines, medical devices, health-related products and beauty products)."

The ASA ruled that Phil Parker Ltd should not make medical claims for the LP unless they were supported with robust evidence and the company was not to refer to conditions for which advice should be sought from suitably qualified health professionals.

The Nordic Consumer Ombudsman[edit | edit source]

The 2017 Agenda for the Nordic Consumer Ombudsman ruled that it is illegal to claim that any alternative medicine treatment is effective against specific illnesses and conditions. This ruling forbids the Lightening Process (LP) owners to market Lightening Process (LP) as a treatment for ME/CFS.[13]

Attempted suicide[edit | edit source]

In 2011, a 13 year-old Norwegian boy with ME attempted suicide after he failed to improve with the Lightning Process.[14]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

Online presence[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.

From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history