Chest pain can be a sign of a heart attack or other cardiac condition, but it can also be a symptom of problems related to respiration, digestion, bones and muscles, or other aspects of physical and mental health.
Chest pain should always be taken seriously, even if it's mild or you don't suspect a life-threatening condition.
Presentation[edit | edit source]
Prevalence[edit | edit source]
- Katrina Berne reports a prevalence of 40% for chest pain.
Symptom recognition[edit | edit source]
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
Possible causes[edit | edit source]
- Heart attack
- Aortic aneurysm
- Aortic dissection or rupture
- Valve disease
- Pulmonary embolism
- Collapsed lung
- Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD)
- Lung cancer
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Esophageal rupture
- Primary esophageal motility disorders (PEMDs)
- Hiatal hernia
Mental health-related causes
Potential treatments[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Roland, James; Sullivan, Debra (Jan 10, 2018). "Causes of Chest Pain: 30 Reasons for Pain and Tightness". Healthline. Retrieved Feb 23, 2019.
- Berne, Katrina (Dec 1, 1995), Running on Empty: The Complete Guide to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFIDS), 2nd ed., Hunter House, p. 58, ISBN 978-0897931915