Tramadol is a generic pain reliever drug used in the United States. The US brand names are: ConZip, FusePaq Synapryn, rybix ODT, Ryzolt, Ultram and Ultram ER. Unlike traditional opioids, tramadol exerts its effects through a combination of serotonergic and opioid mechanisms, and is thought to be less habit-forming. At high doses it also has noradrenergic effects. Sleep disturbances are commonly reported if taken too close to bedtime, and with the extended-release versions.
It is used for moderate to moderately severe pain, and pain after surgery. The extended release or long acting form is used on chronic pain.
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
"In our study, it was seen that seizures occurred both at therapeutic and supratherapeutic ranges without history of epilepsy."
"Conclusion: In conclusion, the neurotoxicity of tramadol commonly manifests as generalized tonic-clonic seizures, most frequently within 24 hours after tramadol intake, and was more common in subjects concomitantly consuming alcohol, illicit drugs, anti-psychotics, or anti-depressants."
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- Low dose naltrexone (Naltrexone) will block opioids. (Answers to FAQ About Naltrexone Treatment for Alcoholism - 10. Can I take other medications with naltrexone?)