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Migraine headaches commonly occur in people with ME/CFS. In a 2011 study by Ravindran, et al, migraine headaches were found in 84%, and tension-type headaches in 81% of a cohort of CFS patients. This compared to 5% and 45%, respectively, in a cohort of healthy controls.
Presentation[edit | edit source]
Migraine without aura is defined by the following diagnostic criteria outlined inThe International Classification Of Headache Disorders, 2 edition: at least 5 episodes lasting 4 to 72 hr (untreated or unsuccessfully treated) with at least 2 of the following criteria: (i) unilateral location; (ii) pulsating quality; (iii) moderate to severe pain intensity; and (iv) aggravation by or causing avoidance of routine physical activity. During the headache either nausea with or without vomiting, or photophobia and phonophobia must occur.
Migraines in ME/CFS[edit | edit source]
Possible causes[edit | edit source]
Potential treatments[edit | edit source]
- Sumatriptan, trade name Imitrex (13 out of 14 newly diagnosed migraine subjects responded to sumatriptan in one CFS patient cohort)
- Avoiding consumption of nitrates and tyramine
- Daith piercing
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
- 2011, Migraine headaches in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): comparison of two prospective cross-sectional studies.
- 2013, Migraine in gulf war illness and chronic fatigue syndrome: Prevalence, potential mechanisms, and evaluation.(Full Text)
- 2016, Migraines Are Correlated with Higher Levels of Nitrate-, Nitrite-, and Nitric Oxide-Reducing Oral Microbes in the American Gut Project Cohort (Full Text)
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- Oct 18, 2016, Migraines could be caused by gut bacteria, study suggests
- May 19, 2018, The Migraine Drug Explosion Begins: Could Fibromyalgia and ME/CFS Benefit?
References[edit | edit source]
- Ravindran, Murugan K; Zheng, Yin; Timbol, Christian; Merck, Samantha J; Baraniuk, James N (Mar 5, 2011). "Migraine headaches in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS): Comparison of two prospective cross-sectional studies". BMC Neurology. 11 (1). doi:10.1186/1471-2377-11-30. ISSN 1471-2377. PMID 21375763.
- Headache Classification Subcommittee of the International Headache Society (2004). "The International Classification of Headache Disorders: 2nd edition". Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache. 24 Suppl 1: 9–160. ISSN 0333-1024. PMID 14979299.
- "Overlapping Conditions – American ME and CFS Society". ammes.org. Retrieved Aug 12, 2018.
- Cascio Rizzo, Angelo; Paolucci, Matteo; Altavilla, Riccardo; Brunelli, Nicoletta; Assenza, Federica; Altamura, Claudia; Vernieri, Fabrizio (2017). "Daith Piercing in a Case of Chronic Migraine: A Possible Vagal Modulation". Frontiers in Neurology. 8. doi:10.3389/fneur.2017.00624. ISSN 1664-2295. PMC . PMID 29230190.
- Rayhan, Rakib U.; Ravindran, Murugan K.; Baraniuk, James N. (2013). "Migraine in gulf war illness and chronic fatigue syndrome: prevalence, potential mechanisms, and evaluation". Frontiers in Physiology. 4: 181. doi:10.3389/fphys.2013.00181. ISSN 1664-042X. PMID 23898301.
- Gonzalez, Antonio; Hyde, Embriette; Sangwan, Naseer; Gilbert, Jack A.; Virre, Erik; Knight, Rob (Oct 18, 2016). "Migraines Are Correlated with Higher Levels of Nitrate-, Nitrite-, and Nitric Oxide-Reducing Oral Microbes in the American Gut Project Cohort" (PDF). American Society for Microbiology. 1 (5).
- Devlin, Hannah (Oct 18, 2016). "Migraines could be caused by gut bacteria, study suggests". the Guardian. Retrieved Aug 11, 2018.
- Johnson, Cort (May 19, 2018). "The Migraine Drug Explosion Begins: Could Fibromyalgia and ME/CFS Benefit? - Health Rising". Health Rising. Retrieved Aug 11, 2018.
Myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome, often used when both illnesses are considered the same.