Small heart syndrome

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Small heart syndrome is associated with a small heart shadow on a chest X-ray or magnetic resonance imaging. It was first proposed in 1944 as "neurocirculatory asthenia." Current studies show that small heart syndrome is associated with a smaller left ventricular chamber size and diminished cardiac stroke volume.[1]

Small heart syndrome is characterized with weakness or fatigue even after ordinary exertion, heart palpitation, dyspnea, and fainting. Miwa and Fujita have shown that it is significantly more prevalent in ME/CFS patient (61%) compared to a control group (24%).[2]

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orthostatic intolerance (OI) - The development of symptoms when standing upright, where symptoms are relieved upon reclining. Patients with orthostatic intolerance have trouble remaining upright for more than a few seconds or a few minutes, depending upon severity. In severe orthostatic intolerance, patients may not be able to sit upright in bed. Orthostatic intolerance is often a sign of dysautonomia. There are different types of orthostatic intolerance, including postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS).

chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A fatigue-based illness. The term CFS was invented invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control as an replacement for myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). Some view CFS as a neurological disease, others use the term for any unexplained long-term fatigue. Sometimes used as a the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, despite the different diagnostic criteria.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.