Philip Randolph Lee, MD, (b 1924) was the Assistant Secretary for Health and Scientific Affairs under the Johnson administration in the late 1960's, the Assistant Secretary of Health for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under the Clinton administration from 1993-1997, and Director of the Institute for Health Policy Studies at the University of California San Francisco from 1972 to 1993. In September of 2007, the Institute for Health Policy Studies was renamed the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies in his honor.
As the US Assistant Secretary of Health, Dr Lee advocated for biomedical research for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) and for the term CFS to be retired. He was a strongly opposed to the psychosocial explanations of ME/CFS stating: "While I believe in the psychosocial determinants of health paradigm, this approach to CFS has gone too far."
Awards[edit | edit source]
- 1998, David Rogers Award from the Association of American Medical Colleges
- 1998, Rudy Perpich Senior Lectureship Award, presented to a distinguished CFS/FM scientist, physician or healthcare worker awarded by IACFS/ME
- 2000, American Public Health Association’s Sedgwick Medal
- 2000, Institute of Medicine’s Gustav O. Lienhard Award for “outstanding national achievement in improving personal health care services in the United States”
- 2001, California Public Health Association presented him with the Henrik Blum Award
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
Talks and interviews[edit | edit source]
Online presence[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
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References[edit | edit source]
National Academy of Medicine (NAM) - An American non-profit, non-governmental organization which provides expert advice to governmental agencies on issues relating to biomedical science, medicine and health. Formerly known as the Institute of Medicine (IOM).
myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) - A disease often marked by neurological symptoms, but fatigue is sometimes a symptom as well. Some diagnostic criteria distinguish it from chronic fatigue syndrome, while other diagnostic criteria consider it to be a synonym for chronic fatigue syndrome. A defining characteristic of ME is post-exertional malaise (PEM), or post-exertional neuroimmune exhaustion (PENE), which is a notable exacerbation of symptoms brought on by small exertions. PEM can last for days or weeks. Symptoms can include cognitive impairments, muscle pain (myalgia), trouble remaining upright (orthostatic intolerance), sleep abnormalities, and gastro-intestinal impairments, among others. An estimated 25% of those suffering from ME are housebound or bedbound. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies ME as a neurological disease.