From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history
Malic acid is an intermediate in the citric acid cycle. Malic acid is found in apples.
- 2009, Management of Fibromyalgia: Rationale for the Use of Magnesium and Malic Acid (non-blinded)
- While these results are promising, a subsequent double-blind crossover study of primary fibromyalgia patients who received 300 mg magnesium and 1200 mg malic acid or placebo in random order for four weeks, each with a two-week washout period in between, failed to find significant improvements in pain, tenderness, and functional or psychological measures
- Abraham, Guy E.; Flechas, Jorge D. (1992-01-01), "Management of Fibromyalgia: Rationale for the Use of Magnesium and Malic Acid", Journal of Nutritional Medicine, 3 (1): 49–59, ISSN 0955-6664, doi:10.3109/13590849208997961, retrieved 2016-11-09
- Nutritional Strategies for Treating Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Melvyn R. Werbach, M.D. (pdf)