Gulf War Illness
Gulf War Illness (GWI), also known as Gulf War Syndrome (GWS), is a term used for unexplained illnesses occurring in veterans of the 1991 Gulf War in Southwest Asia. According to the Institute of Medicine in 2013, about one-third of Gulf War veterans suffer from chronic multisymptom illness (CMI). Science News summary of June 29, 2016 states: "Veterans of the Gulf War are more than twice as likely to have medically unexplained symptoms known as "multisymptom illness" (MSI), compared to Iraq/Afghanistan War veterans, according to an updated research."
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Muscle pain and Joint pain
- Menstrual disorders
- Neurological and Psychological problems
- Sleep dysfunction
- Skin rashes
- Respiratory disorders
- Memory problems
Cause of illness
The National Veterans Foundation lists several possibilities as causation which include depleted uranium, sarin gas, smoke from burning oil wells, vaccinations, combat stress and psychological factors. The Environmental Illness Resource also list decontamination solutions, pesticides and more.
The Conclusions and Recommendations of the Gulf War Illness and the Health of Gulf War Veterans: Research Update and Recommendations, 2009-2013 conclude "exposure to pesticides and pyridostigmine bromide are causally associated with Gulf War illness" as well as other hazardous exposures including gas agents sarin/cyclosarin. "Mixed exposures include not only mixtures of chemicals but also chemicals combined with heat, dehydration, infection and other environmental stressors."
Vaccinations have been proposed as an etiological factor in Gulf War Illness, especially the mass vaccinations given prior to military deployment.
- 2016, Testing nine potential treatments for Gulf War Illness pain and fatigue
- 2015, GULF WAR RESEARCH STRATEGIC PLAN 2013-2017 2015 Update
- Gulf War Syndrome - Johns Hopkins Medicine
- Science Daily Veterans of the Gulf War are more than twice as likely to have medically unexplained symptoms known as "multisymptom illness" (MSI), compared to Iraq/Afghanistan War veterans, according to an updated research.
- National Veterans Foundations - What the heck is Gulf War Syndrome?
- The Environmental Illness Resource - Gulf War Illness
- Gulf War Illness and the Health of Gulf War Veterans: Research Update and Recommendations, 2009-2013 (pg. 60) Updated Scientific Findings and Recommendations - Research Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses
- Peakman, Mark; Skowera, Ania; Hotopf, Matthew (2006), "Immunological dysfunction, vaccination and Gulf War illness", Immunological dysfunction, vaccination and Gulf War illness. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 361 (1468): 681–687, doi:10.1098/rstb.2006.1826