Functional magnetic resonance imaging

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Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) is a method of brain magnetic resonance imaging. Unlike in regular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which looks at the brain at rest, fMRI is conducted while the patient is performing a cognitive task, in order to identify differences in blood flow related to the cognitive task.

Brain function image of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Shan et al (2018).[1]

Theory[edit | edit source]

ME/CFS fMRI evidence[edit | edit source]

Cost and availability[edit | edit source]

The University of Michigan, US, current rate for 2018 is $563 per hour.[5]

Specialized training is necessary to operate an fMRI and at this time are rarely used outside of research settings.[6][7] However, it has a "small but growing role in clinical neuroimaging. It is used in pre-surgical planning to localise brain function."[8]

Commercial use[edit | edit source]

Two companies in North America have set up lie detection services and several neuromarketing companies are using fMRI "to gain insights into consumer thought and behaviour."[8]

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.01.1 "Brain function characteristics of chronic fatigue syndrome: A task fMRI study". NeuroImage: Clinical. 19: 279–286. Jan 1, 2018. doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.04.025. ISSN 2213-1582. 
  2. Tuller, David (Nov 24, 2014), "Brains of People With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Offer Clues About Disorder", NY Times 
  3. Zeineh, Michael M; Kang, James; Atlas, Scott W; et al. (Oct 29, 2014), "Right Arcuate Fasciculus Abnormality in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome", Radiology, 274 (2): 517–526, doi:10.1148/radiol.14141079 
  4. Goldman, Bruce (Oct 28, 2014), "Study finds brain abnormalities in chronic fatigue patients", Stanford Medicine News Center 
  5. "fMRI: Billing". fmri.research.umich.edu. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018. 
  6. Bobholz, Julie A.; Rao, Stephen M.; Saykin, Andrew J.; Pliskin, Neil (2007). "Clinical Use of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Reflections on the New CPT Codes". Neuropsychology review. 17 (2): 189–191. doi:10.1007/s11065-007-9022-1. ISSN 1040-7308. PMID 17464565. 
  7. Pressman, Peter (Oct 1, 2018). "How Does a Functional MRI Machine Work?". Verywell Health. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018. 
  8. 8.08.1 "How is FMRI Used? — Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences". www.ndcn.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018. 
  9. Herzberg, Mikio (Jul 30, 2015). "fMRI - How it Works and What it's Good For". YouTube. Mikio Herzberg. 
  10. Alda, Alan; Kanwisher, Nancy (Jul 22, 2013). "How does fMRI brain scanning work? Alan Alda and Dr. Nancy Kanwisher, MIT". YouTube. Brains on Trial. 
  11. Karmarkar, Uma R.; Yoon, Carolyn; Plassmann, Hilke (Nov 3, 2015). "Marketers Should Pay Attention to fMRI". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved Oct 12, 2018. 

chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A fatigue-based illness. The term CFS was invented invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control as an replacement for myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). Some view CFS as a neurological disease, others use the term for any unexplained long-term fatigue. Sometimes used as a the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, despite the different diagnostic criteria.

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.