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Encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain by blood-borne immune cells. It is not to be confused with neuroinflammation, which is the modern inflammation of the nervous system by tissue-resident immune cells. Unlike with neuroinflammation, encephalitis is associated with swelling of the brain and can be detected using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).[citation needed]

Encephalitis is normally caused by a virus, vaccine or when something else that causes inflammation.[1]Encephalomyelitis is when the inflammation affects the spinal cord as well as the brain.[1]

Virus encephalitis[edit | edit source]

Encephalitis can be caused by many different viruses, including:

Prevalence[edit | edit source]

Symptom recognition[edit | edit source]

Research[edit | edit source]

In 2020, the Open Medicine Foundation announced a study investigating brain fog in patients with herpes simplex encephalitis, including following those patients over time to see which developed ME/CFS.

Notable studies[edit | edit source]

Possible causes[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Encephalitis - Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders". MSD Manual Consumer Version. Retrieved Jul 31, 2020. 
  2. World Health Organization. "ICD-11 - Mortality and Morbidity Statistics". icd.who.int. Retrieved Jul 31, 2020. 
  3. World Health Organization. "ICD-11 - Mortality and Morbidity Statistics". International Classification of Diseases. Retrieved Jul 31, 2020. 
  4. Services, Department of Health & Human. "Viral encephalitis". www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au. Retrieved Jul 31, 2020. 

World Health Organization (WHO) - "A specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations." The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is maintained by WHO. (Learn more: en.wikipedia.org)

The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.
From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history.