Dysbiosis

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Dysbiosis is an imbalance in the microbial ecology of a part of the body, usually the gut.

Causes of dysbiosis[edit]

Psychological stress[edit]

Psychological stress can alter the gut microbiota, decreasing numbers of Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli.

Infection[edit]

ME and CFS[edit]

There is strong evidence that dysbiosis or an imbalance in the microbial ecology of the gut plays a role in the symptoms of ME/CFS. On average, ME/CFS patients have lower levels of Bifidobacteria, Escherichia coli and higher levels of aerobic bacteria. [1], in particular Enterococcus and Streptococcus species.[2] The latter produce D-lactate, a form of lactic acid only produced by non-human cells that is poorly metabolized in humans. D lactate is associated with a wide variety of cognitive and neurological symptoms, such as in patients who suffer from D lactate acidosis. A study found that higher levels of enterococcus bacteria in CFS patients were associated with more severe neurological and cognitive dysfunction[3].

CFS patients may suffer from small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) at higher rates.[4]

One hypothesized consequence of dysobiosis is an overproduction of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) by pathogenic bacteria. H2S can inhibit mitochondrial respiration by blocking cytochrome c oxidase[5].

A study of Norwegian and Belgian patients found significantly decreased proportions of Firmicutes genera Holdemania and increased proportions of Bacteroidetes genera Alistipes in the Norwegian but not the Belgian sample. Significantly increased proportions of Firmicutes genera Lactonifactor were found in both.[6].

References[edit]

  1. Chronic fatigue syndrome: lactic acid bacteria may be of therapeutic value
  2. Sheedy, John R; Wettenhall, Richard EH; Scanlon, Denis; Gooley, Paul R; Lewis, Donald P; McGregor, Neil; Stapleton, David I; Butt, Henry L; De Meirleir, Kenny L (Jul 2009), "Increased d-lactic Acid intestinal bacteria in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome", In Vivo, 2009 Jul-Aug;23(4): 621-8, PMID 19567398 
  3. https://getinfo.de/en/search/id/BLCP%3ACN055885616/%60Bacterial-Colonosis-in-Patients-with-Persistent/
  4. Reference needed
  5. Reference needed
  6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1075996413000929


The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.

From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history