Bifidobacteria are gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria that are ubiquitous in a healthy gastrointestinal tract. They are protective against intestinal permeability.
Decreased populations of bifidiobacteria have been associated with vitamin K deficiency, atopic diseases,irritable bowel syndrome, and autism.
Chronic fatigue syndrome[edit | edit source]
Bifidobacteria have been shown to be reduced in CFS patients.
One study found that 6-8 weeks of Bifidobacterium infantis supplementation reduced C-reactive protein, TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels in CFS patients. Another found that B. infantis boosted serotonin levels in the brain.
FUT2[edit | edit source]
Fucosyltransferase 2 enzyme (FUT2) is an enzyme related to intestinal dysbiosis. People who are genetic non-secretors of FUT2 have reduced diversity, richness, and abundance of bifidobacteria.
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- 2015, Commercial Bifidobacteria probiotics
- 2015, Bifidobacteria role in multiple diseases and gluten allergies
- 2014, Bifidobacterium, Chocolate and CFS
References[edit | edit source]
- ↑ Benno et al., 1985
- ↑ (Kalliomakiet al., 2001)
- ↑ (Kerckhoffs et al., 2009; Rajilić-Stojanović et al., 2011)
- ↑ (Wang et al., 2011a)
- ↑ https://cfsremission.wordpress.com/2016/03/11/a-review-of-how-little-we-know-about-gut-bacteria/
- ↑ Chronic fatigue syndrome: lactic acid bacteria may be of therapeutic value
- ↑ Groeger, David; O'Mahony, Liam; Murphy, Eileen F.; Bourke, John F.; Dinan, Timothy G.; Kiely, Barry; Shanahan, Fergus; Quigley, Eamonn M.M. (August 2013), "Bifidobacterium infantis 35624 modulates host inflammatory processes beyond the gut", Gut Microbes, 4 (4): 325–339, doi:10.4161/gmic.25487, ISSN 1949-0984, PMC 3744517, PMID 23842110 .
- ↑ Secretor Genotype (FUT2 gene) Is Strongly Associated with the Composition of Bifidobacteria in the Human Intestine
enzyme a substance produced by a living organism which acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
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