1954 Johannesburg outbreak
Onset[edit | edit source]
Onset was typically abrupt, often with severe headache.
Symptoms[edit | edit source]
- No fever or low-grade fever.
- Stiffness of the neck and back
- Myalgia and muscle weakness
- Facial weakness
- Paraesthesia in some cases
Findings[edit | edit source]
- Normal blood
- Normal or slightly raised sedimentation rate
- Normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure (below 50 mg. %)
- Negative for poliovirus, Coxsackie, Rickettsia, and infectious mononucleosis
Epidemiology[edit | edit source]
The youngest was eight years of age and the oldest, 47, with the majority of patients in their 20s and 30s. Seventy-two percent of cases were female.
Prognosis[edit | edit source]
In three cases, there was relapses within weeks of discharge from the hospital.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Epidemic myalgic encephalomyelitis
- List of myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome outbreaks
References[edit | edit source]
- Jackson, B (May 1957). "A disease resembling poliomyelitis; report of an outbreak in Johannesburg". South African Medical Journal. 31: 514 – 517.