Oxford criteria

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The Oxford criteria are a set of criteria for the diagnosis Chronic Fatigue Syndrome published in 1991 by a group of psychiatrists. They identify two broad syndromes and are used primarily for research purposes.[1] The Oxford criteria was used for PACE trial participation.[2][3]

Authors

Michael Sharpe, Len Archard, Jangu Banatvala, Leszek Borysiewicz, Anthony Clare, Anthony David, Richard Edwards, Keith Hawton, Harold Lambert, Russell Lane

Definition

Chronic fatigue syndrome

Post-infectious Fatigue Syndrome (PIFS)

A sub-type of CFS which either follows an infection or is associated with a current infection (although whether such associated infection is of aetiological significance (i.e. whether it is the cause of the symptoms) is a topic for research).

To meet the research criteria for PIFS patients must:

  • i. fulfil the criteria for CFS as defined above (i.e. the Oxford definition)
  • ii. should also fulfil the following additional criteria:
  • (a) There is definite evidence of infection at onset or presentation (a patient’s self-report is unlikely to be sufficiently reliable).
  • (b) the syndrome is present for a minimum of 6 months after onset of infection.
  • (c) the infection has been corroborated by laboratory evidence.

PDF for Oxford Definition CFS and PIFS

PDF: A report - chronic fatigue syndrome: guidelines for research - Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine - Volume 84 February 1991 118-121[4]

Criticisms

  • US NIH Report Calls for UK Definition of ME/CFS to be Scrapped - The Argus Report By: Penny Swift.
Excerpt
The United States National Institutes of Health (NIH) has issued a draft report that highlights the dire need for scientific research that will help find a cure for the millions of people suffering from myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) worldwide. The report also highlights the fact that the decades-old UK Royal Society of Medicine’s Oxford criteria for ME/CFS are severely “flawed,” and that continuing to use these criteria may “cause harm.” Further, the NIH report says that the Royal Society definition should “be retired” and replaced with a single case definition agreed to by the ME/CFS community.[8]

Learn more

See also

References

  1. Symptoms and diagnosis of ME/CFS - ME Association
  2. Pace Trial - Centre for Psychiatry - QMUL
  3. PACE study results – Medical Research Council (UK) news report, 18 February 2011 - ME Association
  4. A report - chronic fatigue syndrome: guidelines for research Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine Volume 84 February 1991 118-121
  5. Chronic Fatigue is NOT Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - VOAT
  6. Chronic Fatigue Versus Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - About.com HEALTH By: Carol Eustice
  7. Mary Gloria C. Njoku (2016), Myalgic, Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: History, Diagnostic Criteria and Prevalence (ebook), ISBN 978-1-4689-7326-6 
  8. US NIH Report Calls for UK Definition of ME/CFS to be Scrapped - The Argus Report By: Penny Swift


The information provided at this site is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness.

From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history